Online Encyclopedia

BRACHYCEPHALIC (Gr. for short-headed)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 366 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BRACHYCEPHALIC (Gr. for short-headed), a term invented by Andreas Retzius to denote those skulls of which the width from side to side was little less than the length from front to back, their ratio being as 8o to too, as in those of the Mongolian type. Thus taking the length as too, if the width exceeds 8o, the skull is to be classed as brachycephalic. The prevailing form of the head of civilized races is brachycephalic. It is supposed that a brachycephalic race inhabited Europe before the Celts. Among those peoples whose heads show marked brachycephalyare the Indo-Chinese, the Savoyards, Croatians, Bavarians, Lapps, Burmese, Armenians and Peruvians. (See CRANIOMETRY.)
End of Article: BRACHYCEPHALIC (Gr. for short-headed)
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