See also:English astronomer, was
See also:born at
See also:Sherborne in
See also:Gloucestershire in
See also:March 1693 . He entered Balliol
See also:Oxford, on the 15th of March 1711, and took degrees of B.A. and M.A. in 1714 and 1717 respectively . His early observations were made at the rectory of
See also:Wanstead in
See also:Essex, under the tutelage of his
See also:uncle, the Rev .
See also:James Pound (1669–1724), himself a skilled astronomer, and he was elected a
See also:fellow of the Royal Society on the 6th of
See also:November 1718 . He took orders on his presentation to the vicarage of Bridstow in the following
See also:year, and a small sinecure living in
See also:Wales was besides procured for him by his friend
See also:Molyneux (1689–1728) . He, however, resigned his ecclesiastical preferments in 1721, on his
See also:appointment to the Savilian professorship of astronomy at Oxford, while as reader on experimental philosophy (1729–1760) he delivered 79 courses of lectures in the Ashmolean museum . His memorable
See also:discovery of the aberration of
See also:light (see ABERRATION) was communicated to the Royal Society in
See also:January 1729 (Phil . Trans.
See also:xxxv . 637) . The observations upon which it was founded were made at Molyneux's
See also:house on
See also:Green . He refrained from announcing the supplementary detection of
See also:nutation (q.v.) until the 14th of
See also:February 1748 (Phil . Trans. x1v .
I), when he had tested its reality byminute observations during an entire revolution (18.6 years) of the
See also:moon's nodes . He had meantime (in 1742) been appointed to succeed Edmund
See also:Halley as astronomer royal; his enhanced reputation enabled him to apply successfully for an instrumental outfit at a cost of £r000; and with an 8-
See also:foot quadrant completed for him in 1750 by
See also:Bird (1709–1776), he accumulated at
See also:Greenwich in ten years materials of inestimable value for the reform of astronomy . A
See also:crown pension of £250 a year was conferred upon him in 1752 . He retired in broken
See also:health, nine years later, to Chalford in Gloucestershire, and there died on the 13th of
See also:July 1762 . The printing of his observations was delayed by disputes about their ownership; but they were finally issued from the
See also:Press, Oxford, in two foliovolumes (1798, 18o5) . The insight and
See also:industry of F . W . Bessel were, however, needed for the development of their fundamental importance .
See also:Rigaud's Memoir prefixed to
See also:Works and
See also:Correspondence of James Bradley, D.D . (Oxford, 1832), is practically exhaustive . Other
See also:sources of information are: New and General
See also:Dictionary, xii . 54 (1767) ; Biog .
Brit . (
See also:Kippis) ; Fouchy's " Eloge,"
See also:Memoirs (1762), p . 231 (Histoire); Delambre's Hist. de l'astronomie au zb''M1' siecle, p . 413 .
GEORGE GRANVILLE BRADLEY (1821–1903)
GEORGE BRADSHAW (1801–1853)
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