Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 499 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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BRESSE, a district of eastern France embracing portions of the departments of Ain, Saone-et-Loire and Jura. The Bresse extends from the Dombes on the south to the river Doubs on the north, and from the Saone eastwards to the Jura, measuring some 6o m. in the former, and 20 M. in the latter direction. It is a plain varying from 600 to Boo ft. above the sea, with few eminences and a slight inclination westwards. Heaths and coppice alternate with pastures and arable land; pools and marshes are numerous, especially in the north. Its chief rivers are the Veyle, the Reyssouze and the Seille, all tributaries of the Saone. The soil is a gravelly clay but moderately fertile, and cattle-raising is largely carried on. The region is, however, more especially celebrated for its table poultry. The inhabitants pre-serve a distinctive but almost obsolete costume, with a curious head-dress. The Bresse proper, called the Bresse Bressane, comprises the northern portion of the department of Ain. The greater part of the district belonged in the middle ages to the lords of Bage, from whom it passed in 1272 to the house of Savoy. It was not till the first half of the 15th century that the province, with Bourg as its capital, was founded as such. In 16or it was ceded to France by the treaty of Lyons, after which it formed (together with the province of Bugey) first a separate government and afterwards part of the government of Burgundy.
End of Article: BRESSE

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