See also:law, compiled by
See also:order of Alaric IL,
See also:king of the Visigoths, with the advice of his bishops and nobles, in the twenty-second
See also:year of his reign (A.D . 5o6) . It comprises sixteen books of the Theodosian
See also:code; the Novels of
See also:Theodosius IL, Valclrtinian III.,
See also:Marcian, Majorianus and Severus; the Institutes of
See also:Gaius; five books of the Sententiae Receptae of
See also:Julius Paulus; thirteen titles of the Gregorian code; two titles of the Hermogenian code; and a fragment of the first
See also:book of the Responsa Papiniani . It is termed a code (codex), in the certificate of Anianus, the king's referendary, but unlike the code of Justinian, from which the writings of jurists were excluded, it comprises both imperial constitutions (leges) and juridical
See also:treatises (jura) . From the circumstance that the Breviarium has prefixed to it a royal rescript (commonitorium) directing that copies of it, certified under the
See also:hand of Anianus, should be received exclusively as law throughout the
See also:kingdom of the Visigoths, the compilation of the code has been attributed to Anianus by many writers, and it is frequently designated the Breviary of Anianus (Breviarium Aniani) . The code, however, appears to have been known amongst the Visigoths by the title of "Lex
See also:Romana," or " Lex Theodosii," and it was not until the 16th century that the title of " Breviarium " was introduced to distinguish it from a recast of the code, which was introduced into
See also:northern Italy in the 9th century for the use of the Romans in
See also:Lombardy . This recast of the Visigothic code has been preserved in a MS. known as the Codex Utinensis, which was formerly kept in the archives of the
See also:cathedral of
See also:Udine, but is now lost; and it was published in the 18th century for the first
See also:time by P . Canciani in his collection of
See also:laws entitled Barbarorum Leges Antiquae . Another MS. of this Lombard recast of the Visigothic code was discovered by Hanel in the library of St
See also:Gall . The chief value of the Visigothic code consists in the fact that it is the only collection of Roman Law in which the five first books of the Theodosian code and five, books of the Sententiae Receptae of Julius Paulus have been preserved, and until the
See also:discovery of a MS. in the
See also:chapter library in Verona, which contained the greater
See also:part of the Institutes of Gaius, it was the only
See also:work in which any portion of the institutional writings of that
See also:great jurist had come down to us . The most
See also:complete edition of the Breviarium will be found in the collection of Roman law published under the title of
See also:Jus Civile Ante-Justinianum (Berlin, 1815) . See also G .
Hanel's Lex Romana Visigothorum (Berlin, 1847-1849) .
BREVIARY (Lat. breviarium, abridgment, epitome)
JOHN SHERREN BREWER (1810-1879)
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