See also:term used of a woman on her
See also:day, and applicable during the first
See also:year of wifehood . It appears in combination with many words, some of them obsolete . Thus " bridegroom " is the newly married man, and "
See also:bell," " bride-banquet " are old equivalents of wedding-bells, wedding-breakfast . " Bridal " (from Bride-
See also:ale), originally the wedding-feast itself, has grown into a general descriptive adjective, e.g. the bridal party, the bridal ceremony . The bride-cake had its origin in the
See also:Roman confarreatio, a
See also:form of
See also:marriage, the essential features of which were the eating by the couple of a cake made of
See also:water and
See also:flour, and the holding by the bride of three wheat-ears, symbolical of plenty . Under Tiberius the cake-eating fell into disuse, but the wheat ears survived . In the
See also:middle ages they were either worn or carried by the bride . Eventually it became the
See also:custom for the
See also:young girls to assemble outside the
See also:porch and throw grains of wheat over the bride, and afterwards a scramble for the grains took place . In
See also:time the wheat-grains came to be cooked into thin dry biscuits, which were broken over the bride's
See also:head, as is the custom in Scotland to-day, an oatmeal cake being used . In
See also:Elizabeth's reign these biscuits began to take the form of small rectangular cakes made of eggs, milk,
See also:sugar, currants and spices . Every wedding
See also:guest had one at least, and the whole collection were thrown at the bride the instant she crossed the
See also:threshold . Those which lighted on her head or shoulders were most prized by the scramblers .
At last these cakes became amalgamated into a large one which took on its full glories of
See also:paste and ornaments during
See also:Charles II.'s time . But even to-day in rural parishes, e.g.
See also:north Notts, wheat is thrown over the bridal couple with the cry "
See also:Bread for
See also:life and
See also:pudding for ever," expressive of a wish that the newly wed may be always affluent . The throwing of
See also:rice, a very ancientcustom but one later than the wheat, is symbolical of the wish that the bridal may be fruitful . The bride-
See also:cup was the bowl or loving-cup in which the bridegroom pledged the bride, and she him . The custom of breaking this
See also:wine-cup, after the bridal couple had drained its contents, is
See also:common to both the Jews and the members of the Greek Church . The former dash it against the
See also:wall or on the ground, the latter tread it under
See also:foot . The phrase " bride-cup " was also sometimes used of the bowl of spiced wine prepared at
See also:night for the bridal couple . Bride-favours, anciently called bride-
See also:lace, were at first pieces of gold,
See also:silk or other lace, used to bind up the sprigs of
See also:rosemary formerly worn at weddings . These took later the form of bunches of
See also:ribbons, which were at last metamorphosed into rosettes . Bridegroom-men and bridesmaids had formerly important duties . The men were called bride-knights, and represented a survival of the
See also:primitive days of marriage by capture, when a man called his friends in to assist to " lift " the bride . Brides-maids were usual in Saxon England .
See also:senior of them had personally to attend the bride for some days before the wedding . The making of the bridal wreath, the decoration of the tables for the wedding feast, the dressing of the bride, were among her
See also:special tasks . In the same way the senior groomsman (the best man) was the
See also:personal attendant of the
See also:husband . The bride-wain, the
See also:wagon in which the bride was driven to her new home, gave its name to the weddings of any poor deserving couple, who drove a " wain "
See also:round the
See also:collecting small sums of
See also:money or articles of furniture towards their housekeeping . These were called bidding-weddings, or bid-ales, which were in the nature of " benefit feasts . So general is still the custom of " bidding-weddings " in
See also:Wales, that printers usually keep the form of invitation in type . Sometimes as many as six
See also:hundred couples will walk in the bridal procession . The bride's wreath is a Christian substitute for the gilt coronet all Jewish brides wore . The crowning of the bride is still observed by the Russians, and the Calvinists of
See also:Holland and
See also:Switzerland . The wearing of orange blossoms is said to have started with the
See also:Saracens, who regarded them as emblems of fecundity . It was introduced into
See also:Europe by the Crusaders . The bride's veil is the
See also:modern form of the flammeum or large yellow veil which completely enveloped the Greek and Roman brides during the ceremony .
Such a coverint is still in use among the Jews and the Persians . SeeBrand, Antiquities of
See also:Great Britain (
See also:Hazlitt's ed., 1905) ; Rev J .
See also:Vaux, Church
See also:Folklore (1894) .
BRIDAINE (or BRYDAYNE), JACQUES (1701-1767)
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