Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 563 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EUGENE BRIEUX (1858– ), French dramatist, was born in Paris of poor parents on the 19th of January 1858. A one-act play, Bernard Palissy, written in collaboration with M. Gaston Salandri, was produced in 18i9, but he had to wait eleven years before he obtained another hearing, his Menage d' artistes being produced by Antoine at the Theatre Libre in 1890. His plays are essentially didactic, being aimed at some weakness or iniquity of the social system. Blanchette (1892) pointed out the evil results of education of girls of the working classes; M. de Rcboval (1892) was directed against pharisaism; L'Engrenage (1894) against corruption in politics; Les Bienfaiteurs (1896) against the frivolity of fashionable charity; and L'Evasion (1896) satirized an indiscriminate belief in the doctrine of heredity. Les Trois Filles de M. Dupont (1897) is a powerful, somewhat brutal, study of the miseries imposed on poor middle-class girls by the Frenchsystem of dowry; Le Resultat des courses (1898) shows the evil results of betting among the Parisian workmen; La Robe rouge (1900) was directed against the injustices of the law; Les Remplacantes (1901) against the practice of putting children out to nurse. Les Avaries (19o1), forbidden by the censor, on account of its medical details, was read privately by the author at the Theatre Antoine; and Petite amie (1902) describes the life of a Parisian shop-girl. Later plays are La Couvee (1903, acted privately at Rouen in 1893), Maternite (1904), La Deserteuse (1904), in collaboration with M. Jean Sigaux, and Les Hannetons, a comedy in three acts (1906).
End of Article: EUGENE BRIEUX (1858– )
BRIGADE (Fr. and Ger. brigade, Ital. brigata, Span....

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