BROTHER , a male
See also:person in his relation to the other
See also:children of the same
See also:father and
See also:mother . " Brother " represents in
See also:English the Teutonic branch of a word
See also:common to the Indo-
See also:languages, cf . Ger . Bruder, Dutch broeder,
See also:Dan. and Swed. broder, &c . In
See also:Celtic languages, Gaelic and Irish have brathair, and Welsh brawd; in Greek the word is 4pe r17P, in
See also:frater, from which come the Romanic forms, Fr.
See also:frere, Ital. fratello; the Span. fray,
See also:Port. frei, like the Ital. frate, fra, are only used of " friars." The Span. hermano and the Port. irmao, the
See also:regular words for brother, are from Lat. germanus,
See also:born of the same father and mother . The
See also:Sanskrit word is bhraldr, and the ultimate Indo-European
See also:root is generally taken to be bhar, to bear (cf . M . H . Ger.
See also:Scot. bairn,
See also:child, and such words as "
See also:birth," "
See also:burden ") . " Brother " has often been loosely used of kinsmen generally, or for members of the sametribe; also for quite fictitious relationships, e.g . "
See also:brothers," through a sacramental rite of mutual blood-tasting, "
See also:foster-brothers," because suckled by the same
See also:nurse .
See also:Christianity, through the idea of the universal fatherhood of
See also:God, conceives all men as brothers; but in a narrower sense " the brethren " are the members of the
See also:Church, or, in a narrower still, of a confraternity or " brotherhood " within the Church .
This latter idea is reproduced in those fraternal
See also:societies, e.g. the Freemasons, the members of which become " brothers " by initiation . " Brother " is also used symbolically, as implying equality, by sovereigns in addressing one another, and also by bishops .
CHARLES DE BROSSES (1709-1777)
BROTHERS OF COMMON
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.