See also:Canadian journalist and statesman, was
See also:born in
See also:Edinburgh on the 29th of
See also:November 1818, and was educated in his native city . With his
See also:Brown (d . 1863), he emigrated to New
See also:York in 1838; and in 1843 they removed to
See also:Toronto, and began the publication of The Banner, a politico-religious paper in support of the newly formed
See also:Church of Scotland . In 1844 he began, independently of his father, the issue of the Toronto Globe . This paper, at first weekly, became in 1853 a daily, and through the ability and energy of Brown, came to possess an almost tyrannical influence over the
See also:political opinion of Ontario . In 1851 he entered the Canadian parliament as member for Kent
See also:county . Though giving at first a modified support to the Reform
See also:government, he soon broke with it and became
See also:leader of the
See also:Radical or " Clear Grit " party . His attacks upon the
See also:Roman Catholic church and on the supposed domination in parliament of the French Canadian section made him very unpopular in
See also:Canada, but in Upper Canada his power was
See also:great . Largely owing to his attacks, the
See also:Clergy Reserves were secularized in 1854 . He championed the
See also:complete laicization of the
See also:schools in Ontario, but unsuccessfully, the Roman Catholic church maintaining its right to
See also:separate schools . He also fought for the
See also:representation by population of the two provinces in parliament, the
See also:Act of Union (1841) having granted an equal number of representatives to each . This principle of "
See also:Rep. by Pop." was conceded by the
See also:America Act (1867) .
In 1858 Brown became premier of "The
See also:Short Administration," which was defeated and compelled to resign after an existence of two days . He was one of the earliest
See also:advocates of a federation of the British colonies in North America, and in 1864, to accomplish this end, entered into a coalition with his bitter
See also:personal and political opponent, Mr (afterwards
See also:John A .
See also:Macdonald . Largely owing to Brown's efforts, Federation was carried through the
See also:House, but on the 21st of
See also:December 1865 he resigned from the Coalition government, though continuing to support its Federation policy, and in 1867 he was defeated in South Ontario and never again sat in the House . In great measure owing to his energy, and in spite of much concealed opposition from the French-Canadians, the North-West Territories were
See also:purchased by the new Dominion . In December 1873 he was called to the Canadian
See also:senate, and in 1874 was appointed by the imperial government joint plenipotentiary with Sir
See also:Thornton to negotiate a
See also:reciprocity treat,- between Canada and the
See also:United States . The negotiations were successful, but the draft treaty failed to pass the United States Senate . Soon afterwards Brown refused the
See also:lieutenant-governorship of Ontario, and on two subsequent occasions the offer of
See also:knighthood, devoting himself to the Globe and to a
See also:farm at
See also:Park near
See also:Brantford . On the 25th of
See also:March 188o he was shot by a discharged employe, and died on the gth of May . His candour,
See also:enthusiasm and open tolerance of the opinions of others made him many warm friends and many fierce enemies . He was at his best in his generous protests against all privneges, social, political and religious, and in the self-sacrificing patriot-ism which enabled him to fling aside his personal prejudices, and so to make Federation possible . See J .
C . Dent, Canadian PortraitGallery (Toronto, Moo) . The official
See also:Life, by the Hon .
See also:Mackenzie, is decidedly
See also:partisan . A life by John
See also:Lewis is included in the Makers of Canada series (Toronto) . (W . L .
FRANCIS BROWN (1849- )
HENRY KIRKE BROWN (1814-1886)
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