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SAMUEL MORISON BROWN (1817—1856)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 662 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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SAMUEL MORISON BROWN (1817—1856), Scottish chemist, itinerating libraries, and grandson of John Brown, author of the Self-Interpreting Bible. In 1832 he entered the university of Edinburgh, where, after studying in Berlin and St Petersburg, he graduated as M.D. in 1839. About 184o he was engaged in experiments by which he sought to prove that " carbon in certain states of combination is susceptible of conversion into silicon," and his failure to establish this proposition had much to do with his want of success as a candidate for the chair of chemistry at Edinburgh in 1843. He held the doctrine that the chemical elements are compounds of equal and similar atoms, and might therefore possibly be all derived from one generic atom. In 185o he published a tragedy, Galileo Galilei, and two volumes of his Lectures on the Atomic Theory and Essays Scientific and Literary appeared in 1858, with a preface by his kinsman Dr John Brown, the author of Horae Subsecivae. He died at Edinburgh on the loth of September 1856.
End of Article: SAMUEL MORISON BROWN (1817—1856)
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