See also:born at Kirkmabreck,
See also:Kirkcudbright, where his
See also:father was
See also:parish clergyman . He was a boy of a refined nature, a wide reader and an eager student . Educated at several
See also:schools in
See also:London, he went to
See also:Edinburgh University in 1792, where he attended Dugald
See also:Stewart's moral philosophy class . His attendance was desultory, and he does not appear to have completed his arts course . After studying
See also:law for a
See also:time he took up
See also:medicine; his
See also:graduation thesis De Somno was well received . But his
See also:great strength
See also:lay in metaphysical analysis, as was shown in his answer to the objections raised against the
See also:appointment of
See also:Leslie to the mathematical professorship (18o5) . Leslie, a follower of Hume, was attacked by the clerical party as a sceptic and an infidel, and
See also:Brown took the opportunity to defend Hume's
See also:doctrine of causality as in no way inimical to religion . His defence, at first only a pamphlet, became in its third edition a lengthy
See also:treatise entitled Inquiry into the Relation of Cause and Effect, and is a
See also:fine specimen of Brown's
See also:faculty . In 18o6 he became a medical practitioner in partner-
See also:ship with
See also:Gregory, but, though successful in his profession, preferred literature and philosophy . After twice failing in the attempt to gain a professorship in the university, he was invited, during an illness of Dugald Stewart in the session of 1808-1809, to
See also:act as his substitute, and during the following session he undertook a great
See also:part of Stewart's
See also:work . The students received him with
See also:enthusiasm, due partly to his splendid rhetoric and partly to the novelty and ingenuity of his views . In 1810 he was appointed as colleague to Stewart, a position which he held for the
See also:rest of his
See also:life .
He wrote his lectures at high pressure, and devoted much time to the editing and publication of the numerous poems which he had written at various times during his life . He was also engaged in preparing an abstract of his lectures as a handbook for his class . His
See also:health, never strong, gave way under the
See also:strain of his work . He was advised to take a voyage to London, where he died on the 2nd of
See also:April 182o . His friend and biographer,
See also:David Welsh (1793-1845), super-intended the publication of his text-
See also:book, the Physiology of the Human Mind, and his Lectures on the Philosophy of the Human Mind was published by his successors, John Stewart and the Rev . E . Milroy . The latter was received with great enthusiasm both in England (where it reached its 19th edition) and in
See also:America; but
See also:criticism has lessened its popularity and it is now almost forgotten . Brown's philosophy occupies an intermediate place between the earlier Scottish school and the later analytical or associational psychology . To the latter Brown really belonged, but he had preserved certain doctrines of the older school which were out of harmony with his fundamental view . He still retained a small quantum of intuitive beliefs, and did not appear to see that the very existence of these could not be explained by his theory of
See also:action . This intermediate or wavering position accounts for the
See also:comparative neglect into which his
See also:works have now fallen .
They did much to excite thinking, and advanced many problems by more than one step, but they did not furnish a coherent
See also:system, and the doctrines which were then new have since been worked out with greater consistency and clearness . Brown wrote a criticism of Darwin's Zoonomia (1798), and was one of the first contributors to the Edinburgh Review, in the second number of which he published a criticism of the Kantian philosophy, based entirely on Villers's French account of it . Among his poems, which are modelled on
See also:Pope and
See also:Akenside and rather
See also:commonplace, may be mentioned:
See also:Paradise of Coquettes (1814); Wanderer in Norway (1815) ; Warfiend (1816) ;
See also:Bower of
See also:Spring (1817);
See also:Agnes (1818); Emily (1819); a collected edition in 4 vols. appeared in 1820 . For a severe criticism of Brown's philosophy, see Sir W .
See also:Hamilton's Discussions and Lectures on
See also:Metaphysics; and for a high estimate of his merits, see J . S .
See also:Mill's Examination of Hamilton . Sec also D . Welsh's Account of the Life and Writings, &c . (1825); M'Cosh's Scottish Philosophy, pp . 317-337 . The only German writer who seems to have known anything of Brown is
See also:Beneke, who found in him anticipations of some of his own doctrines .
.SeeDie neue Psychologie, pp . 320-330 .
THOMAS BROWN (1663-1704)
THOMAS EDWARD BROWN (1830-1897)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.