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EUGENE BURNOUF (1801—1852)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 855 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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EUGENE BURNOUF (1801—1852), French orientalist, was born in Paris on the 8th of April 18o1. His father, Prof. Jean Louis Burnouf (1775—1844), was a , classical scholar of high reputation, and the author, among other works, of an excellent translation of Tacitus (6 vols., 1827—1833). Eugene Burnouf published in 1826 an Essai sur le Pdli ..., written in collaboration with Christian Lassen; and in the following year Observations grammaticales sur quelques passages de l'essai sur le Pali. The next great work he undertook was the deciphering of the Zend manuscripts brought to France by Anquetil du Perron. By his labours a knowledge of the Zend language was first brought into the scientific world of Europe. He caused the Vendidad Sade, part of one of the books bearing the name of Zoroaster, to be lithographed with the utmost care from the Zend MS. in the Bibliotheque Nationale, and published it in folio parts, 1829—1843. From 1833 to 1835 he published his Commentaire sur le Yacna, l'un des livres liturgiques des Parses; he also published the Sanskrit text and French translation of the Bhdgavata Purdna ou histoire poetique de Krichna in three folio volumes (1840-1847). His last works were Introduction a l'histoire du Bouddhisme indien (1844), and a translation of Le lotus de la bonne loi (1852). Burnouf died on the 28th of May 1852. He had been for twenty years a member of the Academie des Inscriptions and professor of Sanskrit in the College de France. See a notice of Burnouf's works by Barthelemy Saint-Hilaire, prefixed to the second edition (1876) of the Introd. a l'histoire du Bouddhisme indien; also Naudet, " Notice historique sur M. M. Burnouf, Pere et fils," in Mint. de l'Acad. des Inscriptions, xx. A list of his valuable contributions to the Journal asiatique, and ofhis MS. writings, is given in the appendix to the Choix de leitres d'Eugene Burnouf (1891).
End of Article: EUGENE BURNOUF (1801—1852)
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