BURY , amarket-
See also:town and municipal,
See also:county and
See also:borough of
See also:Lancashire, England, on the
See also:river Irwe1L 195 M . N.W. by W. from
See also:London, and 14 N. by W. from Manchester, on the Lancashire &
See also:Yorkshire railway and the Manchester & Bolton canal . Pop . (1891) 57,212; (1901) 58,029 . The
See also:church of St Mary is of early foundation, but was rebuilt in 1876 . Besides numerous other places of worship, there are a handsome town
See also:athenaeum and museum,
See also:art gallery and public library, various
See also:assembly rooms, and several recreation grounds . Kay's
See also:free grammar school was founded in 1726; there are also municipal technical
See also:schools . The
See also:cotton manufacture is the
See also:industry; there are also
See also:calico printing, dyeing and
See also:works, machinery and iron works, woollen manufactures, and
See also:coal mines and quarries in the vicinity .
See also:Sir Robert Peel was
See also:born at Chamber Hall in the neighbourhood, and his
See also:father did much for the prosperity of the town by the
See also:establishment of extensive
See also:print-works . A
See also:monument to the statesman stands in the market-place . The parliamentary borough returns one member (since 1832) . The county borough was created in 1888 .
Thecorporation consists of a mayor, 10 aldermen and 30 councillors .
See also:Area, 5836 acres . Bury, of which the name is derived from the Anglo-Saxon burhg, birig or byrig (town,
See also:castle or fortified place), was the site of a Saxon station, and an old
See also:English castle stood in Castle Croft close to the town . It was a member of the
See also:Honour of
See also:Clitheroe and a
See also:fee of the royal
See also:manor of Tottington, which soon after the
See also:Conquest was held by the Lacys . The
See also:family of Bury held lands here during the 13th century, and at least for a
See also:time the manor itself, but before 1347 it passed by
See also:marriage to the Pilkingtons of Pilkington ,with whom it remained till1485,when on the
See also:attainder of Sir
See also:Thomas Pilkington it was granted to the first
See also:earl of Derby, whose descendants have since held it . Under a
See also:grant made by
See also:Edward IV. to Sir Thomas Pilkington, fairs are still held on
See also:March 5, May 3, and
See also:September 18, and a market was formerly held under the same grant on
See also:Thursday, which has, however, been long replaced by a customary market on Saturday . The woollen
See also:trade was established here through the agency of Flemish immigrants in Edward III.'s reign, and in
See also:Elizabeth's time this industry was of such importance that an aulneger was appointed to measure and
See also:stamp the woollen
See also:cloth . But although the woollen manufacture is still carried on, the cotton trade has been gradually superseding it since the early
See also:part of the 18th century . The family of the Kays, the inventors, belonged to this place, and Robert Peel's print-works were established here in 1770 . The cognate trades of bleaching, dyeing and machine-making have been long carried on . A
See also:court-leet and view of
See also:pledge used to be held
See also:half-yearly at
See also:Easter and Michaelmas, and a court-baron in May . Until 1846 three constables were chosen annually at the court-leet to govern the place, but in that
See also:year the inhabitants obtained authority from parliament to appoint twenty-seven commissioners to undertake the local
See also:government .
See also:charter of incorporation was granted in 1876 . The well-known Bury Co-operative Society was established in 1856 . There was a church here at the time of the Domesday Survey, and the earliest mention of a rector is found in the year 1331-1332 . One-half of the town is glebe belonging to the rectory .
BURY ST EDMUNDS
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