Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 869 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
Spread the word: it!
OGIER GHISLAIN DE BUSBECQ [AUGERIUS GISLENIUSI (1522-1592), Flemish writer and traveller, was born at Comines, and educated at the university of Louvain and elsewhere. Having served the emperor Charles V. and his son Philip II. of Spain, he entered the service of the emperor Ferdinand I., who sent him as ambassador to the sultan Suleiman I. the Magnificent. He returned to Vienna in 1562 to become tutor to the sons of Maximilian II., afterwards emperor, subsequently taking the position of master of the household of Elizabeth, widow of Charles IX., king of France, and daughter of Maximilian. Busbecq was an excellent scholar, a graceful writer and a clever diplomatist. He collected valuable manuscripts, rare coins and curious inscriptions, and introduced various plants into Germany. He died at the castle of Maillot near Rouen on the 28th of October 1592. Busbecq wrote Itinera Constantinopolitanum et Amasianum (Antwerp, 1581), a work showing consider-able insight into Turkish politics. This was published in Paris in 1589 as A. G. Busbequii legationis Turcicae epistolae iv., and has been translated into several languages. He was a frequent visitor to France, and wrote Epistolae ad Rudolphum II. Imperatorem e Gallia scriptae (Louvain, 1630), an interesting account of affairs at the French court. His works were published at Leiden in 1633 and at Basel in 1740. An English translation of the Itinera was published in 1744. See C. T. Forster and F. H. B. Daniel, Life and Letters of Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq (London, 1881); Viertel, Busbecks Erlebnisse in der Turkel (Gottingen, 1902).

Additional information and Comments

Hello, Busbecq never served Charles V and Philippe II but only Ferdinand, Maximilien, and Rodolph ... He was born as Flanders was linked through Charles V to the King of France ( Charles was vassal to the King of France for Flandres ). Today , we could say he was born Flemish and French...after that, the King of France, defeated by the Habsburgs, let her independance to Flanders. So he became spanish, but as he worked all his life for the Austrians..was he really spanish?..only through the castle of Bousbecque. Almost 20 years long, he lived in Paris..he proved there that he was speaking fluently French..and that, because he was born in a bilingual region..flemish/french... Spanish...really, I think he was not feeling as a spanish. He went in Spain to get back the young princes, sons of Maximilian, that Philip was not really willing to let go back in Austria.. so little spanish !!!! Bye. Didier./.
» Add information or comments to this article.
Please link directly to this article:
Highlight the code below, right click and select "copy." Paste it into a website, email, or other HTML document.