BUTO , theGreek name of the
See also:Egyptian goddess Uto (hierogl . W'zy.t), confused with the name of her city Buto (see
See also:BuSIRIs) . She was a
See also:cobra-goddess of the marshes, worshipped especially in the city of Buto in the
See also:north-west of the
See also:Delta, and at another Buto (Hdt. ii . 75) in the north-east of the Delta, now Tell Nebesheh . The former city is placed by Petrie at Tell Ferain, a large and important site, but as yet yielding no inscriptions . This western Buto was the capital of the
See also:kingdom of
See also:Egypt in prehistoric times before the two kingdoms were
See also:united; hence the goddess Buto was goddess of
See also:Lower Egypt and the North . To correspond to the
See also:vulture goddess (Nekhbi) of the south she sometimes is given the
See also:form of a vulture; she is also figured in human form . As a serpent she is commonly twined
See also:round a
See also:stem, which latter spells her name; and generally she wears the
See also:crown of Lower Egypt . The Greeks identified her with Leto; this may be accounted for partly by the resemblance of name, partly by the myth of her having brought up
See also:Horus in a floating
See also:island, resembling the
See also:story of Leto and
See also:Apollo on
See also:Delos . Perhaps the two myths influenced each other .
See also:Herodotus describes the
See also:temple and other sacred places of (the western) Buto, and refers to its festival, and to its
See also:oracle, which must have been important though nothing definite is known about it . It is
See also:strange that a city whose leading in the most
See also:ancient times was fully recognized throughout Egyptian
See also:history does not appear in the early lists of
See also:nome-capitals .
See also:Thebes, however (which
See also:lay in the 4th nome of Upper Egypt, its early capital being Hermonthis), it eventually became, at a very
See also:late date, the capital of a nome, in this case called Phtheneto, " the
See also:land of (the goddess) Buto." The second Buto (hierogl . 'Im•t) was capital from early times of the 19th nome of Lower Egypt . See Herodotus ii. r55; Zeitschr. f . ¢gyptische Sprache (1871), 1; K . Sethe in Pauly-Wissowa, Realencyclopadie, s.v . ' Buto "; D . G .
See also:Hogarth, Journal of Hellenic Studies,
See also:xxiv . 1; W . M . F . Petrie, Ehnasya, p .
36; Nebesheh and Defenneh . (F . LL .
BUTLERAGE AND PRISAGE
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