See also:form of horsed vehicle for passengers either with two ("
See also:hansom ") or four wheels (" four-wheeler " or " growler "), introduced into
See also:London as the cabriolet de place, from
See also:Paris in 1820 (see
See also:CARRIAGE) . Other vehicles plying for hire and driven by
See also:mechanical means are included in the definition of the word "
See also:cab " in the London Cab and Stage Carriage
See also:Act 1907 . The
See also:term " cab " is also applied to the
See also:driver's or stoker's shelter on a
See also:locomotive-engine . Cabs, or
See also:hackney carriages, as they are called in
See also:English acts of parliament, are regulated in the
See also:Kingdom by a variety of statutes . In London the
See also:principal acts are the Hackney Carriage Acts of 1831-1853, the Metropolitan Public Carriages Act 1869, the London Cab Act 1896 and the London Cab and Stage Carriage Act 1907 . In other large
See also:British towns cabs are usually regulated by private acts which incorporate the
See also:Police Clauses Act 1847, an act which contains provisions more or less similar to the London acts . The act of 1869 defined a hackney carriage as any carriage for the
See also:conveyance of passengers which plies for hire within the metropolitan police
See also:district and is not a stage
See also:coach, i.e. a conveyance in which the passengers are charged
See also:separate and distinct fares for their seats . Every cab must be licensed by a licence renewable every
See also:year by the home secretary, the licence being issued by the
See also:commissioner of police . Every cab before being licensed must be inspected at the police station of the district by the inspector of public carriages, and certified by him to be in a
See also:condition for public use . The licence
See also:costs £2 . The number of persons which the cab is licensed to carry must be painted at the back on the outside . It must carry a lighted lamp during the
See also:period between one
See also:hour after sunset and one hour before sunrise .
The cab must be under the
See also:charge of a driver having a licence from the home secretary . A driver before obtaining a licence, which costs five shillings per annum, must pass an examination as to his ability to drive and as to his knowledge of the topography of London . General regulations with regard to fares and
See also:hiring may be made from
See also:time to time by the home secretary under the London Cab and Stage Carriage Act 1907 . The hiring is by distance or by time as the hirer may decide at the beginning of the hiring; if not otherwise expressed the fare is paid according to distance . If a driver is hired by distance he is not compelled to drive more than six
See also:miles, and if hired by time he is not compelled to drive for more than one hour . When a cab is hired in London by distance, and discharged within a circle the
See also:radius of which is four miles (the centre being taken at Charing
See also:Cross), the fare is one
See also:shilling for any distance not exceeding two miles, and sixpence for every additional mile or
See also:part of a mile . Outside the circle the fare for each mile, or part of a mile, is one shilling . When a cab is hired by time, the fare (inside or outside the circle) is two shillings and sixpence for the first hour, and eightpence for every quarter of an hour afterwards . Extra payment has to be made for luggage (twopence per piece outside), for extra passengers (sixpence each for more than two), and for waiting (eightpence each completed quarter of an hour) . If a
See also:horse cab is fitted with a taximeter (vide infra) the fare for a
See also:journey wholly within or partly without and partly within the four-mile radius, and not exceeding one mile or a period of ten minutes, is sixpence . For each
See also:half mile or six minutes an additional threepence is paid . If the journey is wholly without the four-mile radius the fare for the first mile is one shilling, and for each additional quarter of a mile or period of three minutes, threepence is paid .
If the cab is one propelled by mechanical means the fare for a journey not exceeding one mile or a period of ten minutes is eightpence, and for every additional quarter mile or period of 2 minutes twopence is paid . A driver required to wait may demand a reasonable sum as adeposit and also payment of the sum which he has already earned . The London Cab Act 1896 (by which for the first time legal sanction was given to the word " cab ") made an important
See also:change in the
See also:law in the
See also:interest of cab drivers . It renders liable to a
See also:penalty on
See also:summary conviction any
See also:person who (a) hires a cab knowing or having reason to believe that he cannot pay the lawful fare, or with
See also:intent to avoid payment; (b) fraudulently endeavours to avoid payment; (c) refuses to pay or refuses to give his address, or gives a false address with intent to deceive . The offences mentioned (generally known as "bilking ") may be punished by imprisonment without the option of a
See also:fine, and the whole or any part of the fine imposed may be applied in compensation to the driver . Strictly speaking, it is an offence for a cab to ply for hire when not waiting on an authorized "
See also:standing," but cabs passing in the street for this purpose are not deemed to be " plying for hire." These stands for cabs are appointed by the commissioner of police or the home secretary . Privileged cabs" is the designation given to those cabs which by virtue of a contract between a railway
See also:company and a number of cab-owners are alone admitted to ply for hire within a company's station, until they are all engaged, on condition (I) of paying a certain weekly or
See also:annual sum, and (2) of guaranteeing to have cabs in attendance at all
See also:hours . This
See also:system was abolished by the act of 1907, but the home secretary was empowered to suspend or modify the abolition if it should interfere with the proper accommodation of the public . At one time there was much discussion in England as to the desirability of legalizing on cabs the use of a mechanical fare-recorder such as, under the name of taximeter or taxameter, is in general use on the continent of
See also:Europe . It is now universal on hackney carriages propelled by mechanical means, and it has also extended largely to those
See also:drawn by animal power . A taximeter consists of a securely closed and sealed
See also:metal box containing a mechanism actuated by a flexible
See also:shaft connected with the
See also:wheel of the vehicle, in the same manner as the speedo-
See also:meter on a motor
See also:car . It has, within plain view of the passenger, a number of apertures in which appear figures showing the amount payable at any time .
See also:lever, with a metal
See also:flag, bearing the words " for hire " stands upright upon it when the cab is disengaged . As soon as a passenger enters the cab the lever is depressed by the driver and the recording mechanism starts . At the end of the journey the figures upon the dials show exactly the sum payable for hire; this sum is based on a combination of time and distance .
CABAL (through the Fr. cabale from the Cabbala or K...
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