See also:district of
See also:British India, in the province of Eastern Bengal and
See also:Assam . It occupies the upper
See also:basin of the
See also:Surma or Barak
See also:river, and is bounded on three sides by lofty hills . Its
See also:area is 3769 sq. m . It is divided naturally between the plain and hills . The scenery is beautiful, the hills rising generally steeply and being clothed with forests, while the plain is relieved of monotony by small isolated undulations and by its
See also:rich vegetation . The Surma is the chief river, and its
See also:principal tributaries from the
See also:north are the Jiri and Jatinga, and from the south the Sonai and Daleswari . The
See also:climate is extremely moist . Several extensive
See also:fens, notably that of Chatla, which becomes lakes in
See also:time of
See also:flood, are characteristic of the plain . This is alluvial and bears heavy crops of
See also:rice, next to which in importance is
See also:tea . The
See also:industry connected with the latter
See also:crop employs large numbers of the population; manufacturing
See also:industries are otherwise slight . The Assam-Bengal railway serves the district, including the capital
See also:town of
See also:Silchar . The population of the district in 1901 was 455,593, and showed a large increase, owing in
See also:part to immigration from the adjacent district of
See also:Sylhet .
The plain is the most thickly populated part of the district; in the North
See also:Cachar Hills the population is sparse . About 66 % of the population are
See also:Hindus and 29 % Mahommedans . There are three administrative sub-divisions of the district: Silchar, Hailakandi and North Cachar . The district takes name from its former rulers of the Kachari tribe, of whom the first to settle here did so early in the 18th century, after being driven out of the Assam valley in 1536, and from the North Cachar Hills in 1706, by the Ahoms . About the close of the 18th century the Burmans threatened to expel the Kachari
See also:raja and annex his territory; the British, however, intervened to prevent this, and on the
See also:death of the last raja without
See also:heir in 1830 they obtained the territory under treaty . A
See also:separate principality which had been established in the North Cachar Hills earlier in the century by a servant of the raja, and had been subsequently recognized as such, was taken over by the British in 1854 owing to the misconduct of its rulers . The
See also:southern part of the district was raided several times in" the 19th century by the turbulent tribe of Lushais .
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