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GEORGES CADOUDAL (1771-1804)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 932 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GEORGES CADOUDAL (1771-1804), leader of the Chouans during the French Revolution, was born in 1771 near Auray. He had received a fair education, and when the Revolution broke out he remained true to his royalist and Catholic teaching. From 1793 he organized a rebellion in the Morbihan against the revolutionary government. It was quickly suppressed and he there-upon joined the army of the revolted Vendeans, taking part in the battles of Le Mans and of Savenay in December 1793. Returning to Morbihan, he was arrested, and imprisoned at Brest. He succeeded, however, in escaping, and began again the struggle against the Revolution. In spite of the defeat of his arty, and of the fact that he was forced several times to take refuge in England, Cadoudal did not cease both to wage war and to con-spire in favour of the royalist pretenders. He refused to come to any understanding with the government, although offers were made to him by Bonaparte, who admired his skill and his obstinate energy. From 'Soo it was impossible for Cadoudal to continue to wage open war, so he took altogether to plotting. He was indirectly concerned in the attempt made by Saint. Regent in the rue Sainte Nicaise on the life of the First Consul, in December ',Soo, and fled to England again. In 1803 he returned to France to undertake a new attempt against Bonaparte. Though watched for by the police, he succeeded in eluding them for six months, but was at length arrested. Found guilty and condemned to death, he refused to ask for pardon and was executed in Paris on the loth of June 1804, along with eleven of his companions. He is often called simply Georges. See Proces de Georges, Moreau et Pichegru (Paris, 1804, 8 vols. 8vo) ; the Mimoires of Bourrienne, of Hyde de Neuville and of Rohu; Lenotre, Tournebut (on the arrest); Lejean, Biographie bretonne; and the bibliography to the article VENDEE.
End of Article: GEORGES CADOUDAL (1771-1804)
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