See also:form . In
See also:modern times cairns are often erected as landmarks . In
See also:ancient times they were erected as sepulchral monuments . The Duan Eireanach, an ancient Irish poem, describes the erection of a
See also:cairn; and the Senchus Mor, a collection of ancient Irish
See also:laws, prescribes a
See also:fine of three threeyear-old heifers for " not erecting the
See also:tomb of thy chief." Meetings of the tribes were held at them, and the inauguration of a
See also:CAIRNES new chief took place on the cairn of one of his predecessors . It is mentioned in the
See also:Annals of the Four Masters that, in 1225, the O'Connor was inaugurated on the cairn of Fraech, the son of Fiodhach of the red hair . In
See also:medieval times cairns are often referred to as boundary marks, though probably not originally raised for that purpose . In a
See also:charter by
See also:Alexander IL (1221), granting the lands of Burgyn to the monks of Kinloss, the boundary is described as passing " from the
See also:oak in Malevin as far as the Rune Pictorum," which is explained as " the Carne of the Pecht's fieldis." In Highland districts small cairns used to be erected, even in
See also:recent times, at places where the
See also:coffin of a distinguished
See also:person was " rested " on its way to the churchyard . Memorial cairns are still occasionally erected, as, for instance, the cairn raised in memory of the
See also:consort at Balmoral, and"
See also:Maule's Cairn," in Glenesk, erected by the
See also:earl of Dalhousie in 1866, in memory of himself and certain friends specified by name in the inscription placed upon it .
JOHN CAIRD (182o–1898)
JOHN ELLIOTT CAIRNES (1823–1875)
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