CAIRO , acity and the
See also:county-seat of
See also:Alexander county,
See also:Illinois, U.S.A., in the S.
See also:part of the state, at the confluence of the
See also:Ohio and
See also:rivers, 365 m . S. of Chicago . Pop . (1890) 10,324; (1900) 12,566, of whom 5000 were negroes; (1910
See also:census) 14,548 . Cairo is served by the Illinois Central, the
See also:Mobile & Ohio, the
See also:Cincinnati, Chicago & St
See also:Louis, the St Louis, Iron
See also:Mountain &
See also:Southern, and the St Louis South-Western
See also:railways, and by
See also:river steamboat lines . The city, said to be the " Eden " of
See also:Charles Dickens's
See also:Martin Chuzzlewit, is built on a
See also:tongue of
See also:land between the rivers, and has suffered many times from inundations, notably in 1858 . It is now protected by
See also:great levees . A
See also:fine railway
See also:bridge (1888) spans the Ohio . The city has a large
See also:building, a U.S. marine hospital (1884), and the A . B . Safford memorial library (1882), and is the seat of St
See also:Joseph's Loretto Academy (
See also:Roman Catholic, 1864) . In one of the squares there is a
See also:bronze statue, " The Hewer," by G .
See also:Barnard . In the N. part of the city is St Mary's
See also:park (30 acres) . At
See also:Mound City (pop. in 1910, 2837), 5 M . N. of Cairo, there is a
See also:national cemetery .
See also:Lumber and
See also:flour are Cairo's
See also:principal manufactured products, and the city is an important hardwood and
See also:wood market; the
See also:Singer Manufacturing Co. has
See also:veneer mills here, and there are large box factories . In 1905 the value of the city's factory products was $4,381,465, an increase of 40.6% since 19o0 . Cairo is a
See also:shipping-point for the surrounding agricultural
See also:country . The city owes its origin to a series of commercial experiments . In 1818 a
See also:charter was secured from the legislature of the territory of Illinois incorporating the city and
See also:bank of Cairo . The charter was soon forfeited, and the land secured by it reverted to the government . In 1835 a new charter was granted to a second
See also:company, and in 1837 the Cairo City & Canal Co. was 957 formed .
By 1842, however, theplace was practically abandoned . A successful settlement was made in 1851-1854 under the auspices of the New
See also:Trust Co.; the Illinois Central railway was opened in 1856; and Cairo was chartered as a city in 1857 . During the
See also:Civil War Cairo was an important strategic point, and was a military centre and
See also:depot of supplies of considerable importance for the Federal armies in the west . In 1862
See also:Admiral Andrew H . Foote established at Mound City a
See also:naval depot, which was the basis of his operations on the Mississippi .
JOHN CAIRNS (1818–1892)
CAIRO (Arabic Misr-al-Kahira, or simply Misr)
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