See also:English physician, and second founder of the
See also:present Gonville and Caius
See also:College, Cambridge, was
See also:born at Norwich on the 6th of
See also:October 1510 . He was admitted a student at what was then Gonville
See also:Hall, Cambridge, where he seems to have mainly studied divinity . After graduating in 1533, he visited Italy, where he studied under the celebrated Montanus and Vesalius at
See also:Padua; and in 1541 he took his degree in physic at Padua . In 1543 he visited several parts of Italy, Germany and France; and re-turned to England . He was a physician in
See also:London in 1547, and was admitted
See also:fellow of the College of Physicians, of which he was for many years
See also:president . In 1557, being then physician to
See also:Queen Mary, he enlarged the foundation of his old college, changed the name from " Gonville Hall " to " Gonville ilnd Caius College," and endowed it with several considerable estates, adding an entire new
See also:court at the expense of £1834 . Of this college he accepted the mastership (24th of
See also:January x558/9) on the
See also:death of Dr
See also:Bacon, and held it till about a
See also:month before his death . He was physician to
See also:Edward VI., Queen Mary and Queen
See also:Elizabeth . He returned to Cambridge from London for a few days in
See also:June 1573, about a month before his death, and resigned the mastership to Dr Legge, a tutor at Jesus College . He died at his London
See also:House, in St Bartholomew's, on the 29th of
See also:July, 1573, but his
See also:body was brought to Cambridge, and buried in the
See also:chapel under the well-known
See also:monument which he had designed . Dr Caius was a learned, active and benevolent man . In 1557 he erected a monument in St Paul's to the memory of Linacre .
In 1564 he obtained a
See also:grant for Gonville and Caius College to take the bodies of two malefactors annually for dissection; he was thus an important
See also:pioneer in advancing the science of anatomy . He probably devised, and certainly presented, the
See also:silver caduceus now in the possession of Caius College as
See also:part of its insignia; he first gave it to the College of Physicians, and afterwards presented the London College with another . His
See also:works are:
See also:Annals of the College from 1555 to 1372;
See also:translation of several of Galen's works, printed at different times abroad .
See also:Hippocrates de Medicamentis, first discovered and published by Dr Caius; also De Ratione Victus (Lov . 1556, 8vo) . De Mendeti Methodo (
See also:Basel, 1554; London, 1556, 8vo) . Account of the Sweating Sickness in England (London, 1556, 1721), (it is entitled De Ephemera Britannica) .
See also:History of the University of Cambridge (London, 1568, Svo; 1574, 4t0, in Latin) . De Thermis Britannicis; but it is doubtful whether this
See also:work was ever printed . Of some Rare
See also:Plants and Animals (London, 1570) . De Canibus Britannicis (1570, 1729) . De Pronunciatione Graecae et Latinae Linguae (London, 1574) ; De Libris propriis (London, 1570) .
He also wrote numerous other works which were never printed . For further details see the
See also:Biographical History of Caius College, an admirable piece of
See also:historical work, by Dr
See also:Venn (1897) .
CAJAMARCA, or CAXAMARCA
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