Online Encyclopedia

CALABOZO, or CALABOSO

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 963 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CALABOZO, or CALABOSO, an inland town of Venezuela, once capital of the province of Caracas in the colonial period, and now capital of the state of Guarico. Pop. (1890 5618. Calabozo is situated in the midst of an extensive nano on the left bank of the Guarico river, 325 ft. above sea-level and 123 M. S.S.W. of Caracas. The plain lies slightly above the level of intersecting rivers and is frequently flooded in the rainy season; in summer the heat is most oppressive, the average temperature being 88° F. The town is regularly laid out with streets crossing at right angles, and possesses several fine old churches, a college and public school. It is also a bishop's see, and a place of considerable commercial importance because of its situation in the midst of a rich cattle-raising country. It is said to have been an Indian town originally, and was made one of the trading stations of the Compania Guipuzcoana in 1730. However, like most Venezuelan towns, Calabozo made little growth during the 19th century. In 182o the Spanish forces under Morales were defeated here by the revolutionists under Bolivar and Paez.
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