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HENRY CALDERWOOD (1830-1897)

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Originally appearing in Volume V04, Page 987 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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HENRY CALDERWOOD (1830-1897), Scottish philosopher and divine, was born at Peebles on the loth of May 1830. He was educated at the Royal High school, and later at the university of Edinburgh. He studied for the ministry of the United Presbyterian Church, and in 1856 was ordained pastor of the Greyfriars church, Glasgow. He also examined in mental philosophy for the university of Glasgow from 1861 to 1864, and from 1866 conducted the moral philosophy classes at that university, until in 1868 he became professor of moral philosophy at Edinburgh. He was made LL.D. of Glasgow in 1865. He died on the 19th of November 1897. His first and most famous work was The Philosophy of the Infinite (1854), in which he attacked the statement of Sir William Hamilton that we can have no knowledge of the Infinite. Calder-wood maintained that such knowledge, though imperfect, is real and ever-increasing; that Faith implies Knowledge. His moral philosophy is in direct antagonism to Hegelian doctrine, and endeavours to substantiate the doctrine of divine sanction. Beside the data of experience, the mind has pure I springs, which yield 150,000 gallons daily. There are seven activity of its own whereby it apprehends the fundamental springs, six with a natural temperature of 126° F., the seventh being cold. The district is rich in flowering heaths and ever-lasting flowers. The name Caledon was given to the town and district in honour of the 2nd earl of Caledon, governor of the Cape 1807—1811. (2) A river of South Africa, tributary to the Orange (q.v.), also named after Lord Caledon.
End of Article: HENRY CALDERWOOD (1830-1897)
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