CALIXTUS I .,
See also:pope from 217 to 222, was little known before the
See also:discovery of the
See also:book of the Philosophumena . From this
See also:work, which is in
See also:part a pamphlet directed against him, we learn that Calixtus was originally a slave and engaged in banking . Falling on evil times, he was brought into collision with the Jews, who denounced him as a Christian and procured his
See also:exile to
See also:Sardinia . On his return from exile he was pensioned by Pope Victor, and, later, was associated by Pope
See also:Zephyrinus in the
See also:government of the
See also:church . On the
See also:death of Zephyrinus (217) he was elected in his place and occupied the papal
See also:chair for five years . His theological adversary Hippolytus, the author of the Philosophumena, accused him of having favoured the modalist or Patripassian doctrines both before and after his election . Calixtus, however, condemned
See also:Sabellius, the most prominent
See also:champion of that
See also:system . Hippolytus accused him also of certain relaxations of discipline . It appears that Calixtus reduced the penitential severities applied until his
See also:time to those guilty of
See also:adultery and other analogous sins . Under Calixtus and his two immediate successors, Hippolytus was the
See also:leader of a schismatic
See also:group, organized by way of protestagainst the election of Calixtus . Calixtus died in 222, in circumstances obscured by legends . In the time of
See also:Constantine the Roman church reckoned him officially among the
See also:martyr popes .
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