See also:antiquary and historian, was
See also:born in
See also:London on the 2nd of May 1551 . His.
See also:Camden, a native of
See also:Lichfield, had settled in London, and, as a painter, had become a member of the
See also:company of painter-stainers . His
See also:Elizabeth, belonged to the old
See also:family of Curwen .
See also:Young Camden received his early
See also:education at Christ's Hospital and St Paul's school, and in 1566 went to Magdalen
See also:Oxford, probably as a servitor or chorister . Failing to obtain a demyship at Magdalen he re-moved to Broadgates
See also:Hall, afterwards Pembroke College, and later to Christ
See also:Church, where he was supported by his friend, Dr
See also:canon of Christ Church . As a defender of the established religion he was soon engaged in controversy, and his failure to secure a fellowship at All Souls' College is attributed to the hostility of the
See also:Roman Catholics . In 1570 he supplicated in vain for the degree of B.A., and although a renewed application was granted in 1573 it is doubtful if he ever took a degree; and in 1571 he went to London and devoted himself to antiquarian studies, for which he had already acquired a taste . Camden spent some
See also:time in travelling in various parts of England
See also:collecting materials for his Britannia, a
See also:work which was first published in 1586 . Owing to his friendship with Dr
See also:Goodman, dean of
See also:Westminster, Camden was made second
See also:master of Westminster school in 1575; and when Dr
See also:Grant resigned the headmastership in 1593 he was appointed as his successor . The vacations which he enjoyed as a schoolmaster
See also:left him time for study and travel, and during these years he supervised the publication of three further
See also:editions of the Britannia . Although a layman he was granted the prebend of
See also:Ilfracombe in 1589, and in 1597 he resigned his position at Westminster on being made Clarencieux
See also:king-at-arms, an
See also:appointment which caused some
See also:ill-feeling, and the
See also:Brooke, led an attack on the genealogical accuracy of the Britannia, and accused its author of
See also:plagiarism . Camden replied to Brooke in an appendix to the fifth edition of the Britannia, published in 1600, and his reputation came through the ordeal untarnished .
Having brought out an enlarged and improved edition of the Britannia in 1607, he began to work on a
See also:history of the reign of
See also:Queen Elizabeth, to which he had been urged by
See also:Lord Burghley in 1597 . The first
See also:part of this history dealing with the reign down to 1588 was published in 1615 under the title Annales rerum Anglicarum et Hibernicarum regnante Elizabetha . With regard to this work some controversy at once arose over the author's treatment of Mary, queen of Scots . It was asserted that Camden altered his
See also:original narrative in
See also:order to please
See also:James I., and, moreover, that the account which he is said to have given to his friend, the French historian, Jacques de Thou, differed substantially from his own . It seems doubtful if there is any truth in either of these charges . The second part of this work, finished in 1617, was published, after the author's
See also:death, at
See also:Leiden in 1625 and in London in 1627 .. In 1622 Camden carried out a plan to found a history lectureshipat Oxford . He provided an endowment from some lands at Bexley, and appointed as the first lecturer, his friend, Degory Wheare . The
See also:present occupant of the position is known as the Camden
See also:professor of
See also:ancient history . His concluding years were mainly spent at
See also:Chislehurst, where he had taken up his residence in 1609, and in spite of recurring illnesses he continued to work at material for the improvement of the Britannia and kindred subjects . He died at Chislehurst on the 9th of
See also:November 1623, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a
See also:monument now stands to his memory . The Britannia, the first edition of which is dedicated to Burgh-ley, is a survey of the
See also:British islands written in elegant Latin .
It was first translated into English in 161o, probably under the author's direction, and other
See also:translations have subsequently appeared, the best of which is an edition edited by
See also:Gough and published in three volumes in 1789, and in four volumes in 18o6 . The Annales has been translated into French, and English translations appeared in 1635, 1695 and 1688 . The Latin version was published at Leiden in 1639 and 1677, and under the editorship of T . Hearne at Oxford in 1717 . In addition to these
See also:works Camden compiled a Greek grammar; Instilutio Graecae Grammatices Compendiaria, which became very popular, and he published an"edition of the writings of Asser, Giraldus Cambrensis, Thomas Walsingham and others, under the title, Anglica, Hibernica, Normannica, Cambrica, a veteribus scripta, published at
See also:Frankfort in 1602, and again in 1603 . He also drew up a
See also:list of the epitaphs in Westminster Abbey, which was issued as Reges, Reginae, Nobiles et alii in ecclesia collegiata Beati Petri Westmonasterii sepulti . This was enlarged and published again in 1603 and 16o6 . In 16o5 he published his Remains concerning Britain, a
See also:book of collections from the Britannia, which quickly passed through seven editions; and he wrote an official account of the trial of the
See also:Gunpowder Plot conspirators as Actio in Henricum Garnetum, Societatis Jesuiticae in Anglia superiorem et caeteros . Camden, who refused a
See also:knighthood, was a man of enormous
See also:industry, and possessed a modest and friendly disposition . He had a large number of influential friends, among whom were Archbishop Ussher,
See also:Sir Robert
See also:Selden, the French jurist Brisson, and Isaac Casaubon . His
See also:correspondence was published in London in 1691 by Dr Thomas
See also:Smith under the title, Vita Gulielmi Camden et Illustrium virorum ad G . Camdenum Epistolae .
See also:volume also contains his Memorabilia de seipso; his notes of the reign of James I.; and other interesting
See also:matter . In 1838 the Camden Society was founded in his
See also:honour, and much valuable work has been done under its auspices .
2ND EARL JOHN JEFFREYS PRATT CAMDEN
CAMEL (from the Arabic Djemal or the Heb. Gamal)
There are no comments yet for this article.
Do not copy, download, transfer, or otherwise replicate the site content in whole or in part.
Links to articles and home page are encouraged.