See also:American politician, was
See also:born in
See also:county, Pennsylvania, on the 8th of
See also:March 1799 .
See also:Left an
See also:orphan at the age of nine, he early entered journalism, and, in banking and railway enterprises, accumulated a considerable
See also:fortune . He became influential in Pennsylvania politics, and in 1845–1849 served in the
See also:United States
See also:Senate, being elected by a combination of Democratic, Whig and " American " votes to succeed
See also:Buchanan . In 1854, having failed to secure the nomination for senator from the "Know-Nothing" Party, which he had recently joined, he became a
See also:leader of the "
See also:People's Party," as the Republican Party was at first called in Pennsylvania . In 1857 he was elected to the United States Senate as a Republican, despite a Democratic majority in the state legislature, a fact that gave rise to charges of
See also:bribery . His prominence as a
See also:candidate first for the presidential and then for the
See also:vice-presidential nomination in the Republican
See also:convention of 186o led to his being selected by
See also:President Lincoln as secretary of war . His administration of this
See also:office at a critical
See also:time was marked by his accustomed energy, but unfortunately also by partiality in the letting of
See also:government contracts, which brought about his resignation at Lincoln's
See also:request in
See also:January 1862 and his subsequent censure by the
See also:House of Representatives . Lincoln sent him as
See also:minister to Russia, but he returned in
See also:November 1862 . He again served in the Senate (after 1872, being chairman of the
See also:committee on
See also:foreign relations) from 1867 until 1877, when he resigned to make
See also:room for his son, whose election he dictated .
See also:Cameron was one of the ablest
See also:political organizers the United States has ever known, and his long undisputed
See also:control of Pennsylvania politics was one of the most striking examples of "
See also:rule " in American
See also:history . The definition of an honest politician as " one who when he is bought will stay bought " has been attributed to him . He died on the 26th of
See also:June 1889 .
His son JAMES DONALD CAMERON (1833– ) was born at
See also:Middletown, Pennsylvania, on the 14th of May 1833, graduated at
See also:Princeton in 1852, became actively interested in his
See also:father's banking and railway enterprises, and from 1863 to 1874 was president of the
See also:Northern Central railway . Trained in the political school of his father, he
See also:developed into an astute politician . From June 1876 to March 1877 he was secretary of war in President
See also:cabinet . In the Republican national convention of 1876 he took an influential
See also:part in preventing the nomination of James G .
See also:Blaine, and later was one of those who directed the policy of the Republicans in the struggle for the
See also:presidency between
See also:Tilden and Hayes . From 1877 until 1897 he was a member of the United States Senate, having been elected originally to succeed his father, who resigned in
See also:order to create the vacancy . He was chairman of the Republican national committee during the
See also:campaign of 1880 .
RICHARD CAMERON (1648?–168o)
VERNEY LOVETT CAMERON (1844–1894)
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