See also:Roman soldier and statesman, of patrician descent, censor in 403 B.C . He triumphed four times, was five times dictator, and was honoured with the title of Second Founder of Rome . When accused of having unfairly distributed the spoil taken at
See also:Veii, which was captured by him after a ten years'
See also:siege, he went into voluntary
See also:exile at
See also:Ardea . The real cause of complaint against him was no doubt his patrician haughtiness and his triumphal entry into Rome in a chariot
See also:drawn by
See also:white horses . Subsequently the Romans, when besieged in the Capitol by the Gauls, created him dictator; he completely defeated the enemy (but see
See also:BRENNUS and RoME:
See also:History, ii., " The Republic ") and drove them from Roman territory . He dissuaded the Romans, disheartened by the devastation wrought by the Gauls, from migrating to Veii, and induced them to rebuild the city . He afterwards fought success-fully against the
See also:Volsci and Etruscans, and repelled a fresh invasion of the Gauls in 367 . Though patrician in sympathy, he saw the
See also:necessity of making concessions to the plebeians and was instrumental in passing the Licinian
See also:laws . He died of the plague in the eighty-first
See also:year of his age (365) . The
See also:story of Camillus is no doubt largely traditional . To this
See also:element prob-ably belongs the story of the schoolmaster who, when Camillus was attacking Falerii (q.v.), attempted to betray the
See also:town by bringing into his
See also:camp the sons of some of the
See also:principal inhabit-ants of the place . Camillus, it is said, had him whipped back into the town by his pupils, and the Faliscans were so affected by this generosity that they at once surrendered .
See also:Livy v. to, vi . 4; Plutarch, Camillus . For the Gallic retreat, see
See also:Polybius ii . 18 ; T .
See also:Mommsen, Rdmische Forschungen, ii. pp . 113-152 (1879) .
CAMISARDS (from camisade, obsolete Fr. for " a nigh...
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