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JOHN CAMPBELL (1708-1775)

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Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 128 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN CAMPBELL (1708-1775)  , Scottish author, was born at
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Edinburgh on the 8th of March 1708 . Being designed for the legal profession, he was sent to Windsor, and apprenticed to an attorney; but his tastes soon led him. to abandon the study of law and to devote himself entirely to literature . In 1736 he published the Military
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History of Prince
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Eugene and the Duke of Marlborough, and soon after contributed several important articles to the Ancient Universal History . In 1742 and 1744 appeared the Lives of the
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British Admirals, in 4 vols., a popular
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work which has been continued by other authors . Besides contributing to the Biographia Britannica and Dodsley's
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Preceptor, he published a work on The
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Present State of
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Europe, consisting of a series of papers which had appeared in the Museum . He also wrote the histories of the Portuguese, Dutch,
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Spanish, French,
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Swedish, Danish and Ostend settlements in the East Indies, and the histories of Spain,
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Portugal, Algarve, Navarre and France, from the time of Clovis till 1656, for the
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Modern Universal History . At the request of Lord Bute, he published a vindication of the peace of Paris concluded in 1763, embodying in it a descriptive and
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historical account of the New
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Sugar Islands in the West Indies . By the king he was appointed agent for the provinces of
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Georgia in 1755 . His last and most elaborate work,
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Political Survey of Britain, 2 vols . 4to, was published in 1744, and greatly increased the author's reputation . Campbell died on the 28th of December 1775 . He received the honorary degree of LL.D. from the university of
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Glasgow in 1745 .

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Additional information and Comments

He was a proloific author with numerous titles to his name , and travelled the world authoring many unique, beyond literary compare ,detailed travelogues of areas ,peoples and countires previously generally unknown to then English speaking world.
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