Online Encyclopedia

JOHN FRANCIS CAMPBELL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 130 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOHN FRANCIS CAMPBELL  , of
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Islay (1822—1885), Gaelic scholar, was born on the 29th of December 1822, heir to the beautiful Isle of Islay, on the west coast of
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Argyllshire . Of this
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inheritance he never became possessed, as the estate had to be sold by his
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father, and he began
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life under greatly changed conditions . Educated at
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Eton and at
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Edinburgh University, he occupied at various times several minor government posts . His leisure was largely employed in
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collecting, translating and editing the
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folklore of the western Highlands, taken down from the lips of the natives . The results of his investigations were published in four volumes under the title Popular Tales of the West Highlands (186o—1862), and form a most important contribution to the subject, the necessary precursor to the subsequent Gaelic revival in
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Great Britain . Campbell was also devoted to geology and other scientific pursuits, and he invented the
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sunshine recorder, used in most of the
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British meteorological stations . He died at
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Cannes on the 17th of
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February 1885 .

End of Article: JOHN FRANCIS CAMPBELL
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