Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 136 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CAMPINAS,- an inland city of the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 65 m. by rail NM. of the city of Sao Paulo and 114 M. from the port of Santos, with which it is connected by the Paulista & Sao Paulo railway. Pop. (189o) of the city and municipality, 33,921. Campinas is the commercial centre of one of the oldest coffee-producing districts of the state and the outlet for a rich and' extensive' 'agricultural region lying farther inland. The Mogyana railway starts from this point and extends north to Uberaba, Minas Geraes, while the Paulista lines extend north-west into new and very fertile regions. Coffee is the staple production, though Indian corn, mandioca and fruit are produced largely for local consumption. The city is built in a bowl-like depression of the' great central plateau, and the drainage from ' the surrounding hillsides has produced a dangerously insanitary condition, from which one or two virulent fever epidemics have resulted.
End of Article: CAMPINAS

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