See also:European known to sight and enter the
See also:Congo, and to explore the West
See also:coast between Cape St Catherine (2° S.) and Cape
See also:Cross (21° 50' S.) almost from the equator to Walfish
See also:Bay . When
See also:John II. of
See also:Portugal revived the
See also:work of
See also:Henry the Navigator, he sent out
See also:Cam (about midsummer (?) 1482) to open up the African coast still further beyond the equator . The mouth of the Congo was now, discovered (perhaps in
See also:August 1482), and marked by a
See also:stone pillar (still existing, but only in fragments) erected on
See also:Shark Point; the
See also:river was also ascended for a
See also:short distance, and intercourse was opened with the natives . Cam then coasted down along the
See also:Angola (Portuguese West Africa), and erected a second pillar, probably marking the termination of this voyage, at Cape
See also:Santa Maria (the
See also:Negro of these first visitors) in 13° 26' S . He certainly returned to
See also:Lisbon by the beginning of
See also:April 1484, when John II. ennobled him, made him a cavalleiro of his
See also:house-hold (he was already an escudeiro or
See also:esquire in the same), and granted him an
See also:annuity and a coat of arms (8th and 14th of April 1484) . That Cam, on his second voyage of 148g-1486, was accompanied by
See also:Martin Behaim (as alleged on the latter's
See also:Nuremberg globe of 1492) is very doubtful; but we know that the explorer revisited the Congo and erected two more pillars beyond the furthest of his previous voyage, the first at another " Monte Negro " in 15° 41' S., the second at Cape Cross in 21° 50', this last probably marking the end of his progress southward . According to one authority (a
See also:legend on the 1489 map of'Henricus Martellus Germanus), Cam died off Cape Cross; but Joao de
See also:Barros and others make him return to the Congo,and take thence a native
See also:envoy to Portugal . The four pillars set up by Cam on his two voyages have all been discovered in situ, and the inscriptions on two of them from Cape Santa Maria and Cape Cross, dated 1482 and 1485 respectively, are still to be read and have been printed; the Cape Cross padrao is now at
See also:Kiel (replaced on the spot by a granite facsimile); those from the Congo estuary and the more southerly Monte Negro are in the Museum of the Lisbon
See also:Geographical Society . See Barros, Decades da
See also:Decade i. bk. iii., esp. ch . 3; Ruy de
See also:Pina, Chronica d' el Rei D . Joao II . ; Garcia de Resende, Chronica; Luciano Cordeiro, " Diogo Cao " in Boletim of the Lisbon Geog .
See also:Soc., 1892; E . G . Ravenstein, "Voyages of Diogo Cao," &c., in Geog . Al. vol. xvi . (1900); also Geog . Jnl. xxxi . (1908) . (C . R .
JUAN FRANCISCO CAMACHO (1824-1896)
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