See also:term for a
See also:sharp at both ends, originally designed for propulsion by one or more paddles (not oars) held without a fixed fulcrum, the paddler facing the
See also:bow . As the
See also:historical native name for certain types of boat used by savages, it is applied in such cases to those which, like other boats, are open within from end to end, and the
See also:modern "
See also:canoe " preserves this sense; but a more specific usage of the name is for such craft as differ essentially from open boats by being covered in with a
See also:deck, except for a " well " where the paddler sits . Modern developments are the cruising canoe, combining the use of
See also:paddle and sails, and the racing canoe, equipped with sails only . The
See also:primitive canoes were
See also:light frames of
See also:wood over which skins (as in the
See also:Eskimo canoe) or the bark of trees (as in the NorthAmericanlndians' birch-bark canoe) were tightly stretched . The modern painted
See also:canvas canoe, built on
See also:Indian lines, was a natural development of this idea . The Indian also used, and the
See also:African still uses, the " dug-out," made from a
See also:tree hollowed by
See also:fire after the manner of
See also:Robinson Crusoe . Many of these are of considerable
See also:size and carrying capacity; one in the New
See also:York Natural
See also:History Museum from
See also:Island is 63 ft. long, 8 ft . 3 in. wide, and 5 ft. deep, cut from a single
See also:log . The " war canoe " of paddling races is its modern successor . In the islands of the Pacific primitive canoes are wonderfully handled by the natives, who make long
See also:sea voyages in them, often stiffening them by attaching another
See also:hull (see CATAMARAN) . In the earlier
See also:part of the 19th century, what was known as a " canoe " in England was the
See also:short covered-in craft, with a " well " for the paddler to sit in, which was popularly used for short
See also:river practice; and this type still survives . But the
See also:sport of canoeing in any real sense
See also:dates from 1865, when
See also:John Mac-Gregor (q.v.) designed the canoe "Rob
See also:Roy " for long journeys by
See also:water, using both
See also:double-bladed paddle and sails, yet light enough (about 701b) to be carried over
See also:land .
The general type of this canoe is built of
See also:oak with a
See also:cedar deck; the length is from The Demi-
See also:Cannon weighs about 6000 pound and shoots a bullet of 28 or 30 pound . . . . These three several guns are called cannons of eight, cannons of seven and cannons of six." The generic sense of " cannon, " in which the word is now exclusively used, is found along with the
See also:special sense above mentioned as early as 1474 . A
See also:warrant of that
See also:year issued by
See also:Edward IV. of England to
See also:Richard Copcote orders him to provide "bumbardos, canones, culverynes . . . et alios canones quoscumque, ac pulveres, sulfa . . . .
See also:pro eisdem canonibus necessaries." "
See also:Artillery " and "
See also:ordnance," however, were the more usual terms up to the
See also:time of
See also:Louis XIV . (c . 1670), about which time heavy ordnance began to be classified according to the
See also:weight of its shot, and the special sense of " cannon " disappears . CANNON-
See also:BALL TREE (Couroupita guianensis), a native of tropical South
See also:America (French
See also:Guiana), which bears large spherical woody fruits, containing numerous seeds, as in the allied genus Bertholletia (Brazil
See also:nut) .
MELCHIOR CANO (1525-1560)
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