CANVAS , a stout
See also:cloth which probably derives its name from cannabis, the Latin word for
See also:hemp . This would appear to indicate that canvas was originally made from yarns of the hemp fibre, and there is some ground for the
See also:assumption . This fibre and that of
See also:flax have certainly been used for ages for the production of cloth for furnishing sails, and for certain classes of cloth used for this purpose the terms "
See also:sailcloth " and " canvas " are synonymous .
See also:Warden, in his
See also:Trade, states that the manufacture of sailcloth was established in England in 1590, as appears by the preamble of
See also:James I., cap . 23:—" Whereas the cloths called Mildernix and Powel
See also:Davies, whereof sails and other furniture for the
See also:navy and
See also:shipping are made, were heretofore altogether brought out of France and other parts beyond
See also:sea, and the skill and
See also:art of making and
See also:weaving of the said sailcloths never known or used in England until about the
See also:year of the
See also:Elizabeth, about what
See also:time and not before the perfect art or skill of making or weaving of the said cloths was attained to, and since practised and continued in this
See also:realm, to the
See also:great benefit and commodity thereof." But this, or a similar cloth of the same name had been used for centuries before this time by the Egyptians and Phoenicians . Since the introduction of the power
See also:loom the cloth has undergone several modifications, and it is now made both from flax, hemp,
See also:tow, jute and
See also:cotton, or a mixture of these, but the quality of sailcloth for the
See also:government is kept up to the
See also:original standard . All flax canvas is essentially of
See also:double warp, for it is invariably intended to withstand some pressure or rough usage . In structure it is similar to jute
See also:tarpaulin; indeed, if it were not for the difference in the fibre, it would be difficult to say where one type stopped and the other began . "
See also:Bagging," " tarpaulin " and " canvas "
See also:form an ascending series of cloths so far as fineness is concerned, although the finest tarpaulins are finer than some of the
See also:lower canvases . The cloth may be natural
See also:colour, bleached or dyed, a very
See also:common colour being tan . It has an enormous number of different uses other than
See also:naval . Amongst other articles made from it are: receptacles for photographic and other apparatus; bags for fishing,
See also:golf and other sporting implements; shoes for cricket and other
See also:games, and for
See also:yachting; travelling cases and hold-alls,
See also:letter-bags, school-bags and
See also:nose-bags for horses .
Large quantities of the various makes of flax and cotton canvases are tarred, and then used for covering goods on
See also:railways, wharves, docks, etc .
See also:Sail canvas is, naturally, of a strong build, and is quite different-
See also:CANYON 223 from the canvas cloth used for embroidery purposes, often called " art canvas." The latter is similar in structure to
See also:cheese cloths and strainers, the chief difference being that the yarns for art canvas are, in general, of a
See also:superior nature . All kinds of
See also:fibres are used in their production, chief among which are cotton, flax and jute . The yarns are almost invariably two or more ply, an arrangement which tends to obtain a
See also:uniform thickness—a very desirable
See also:element in these open-built fabrics . The plain weave A in the figure is extensively used for these fabrics, but in many cases
See also:special weaves are used which leave the open spaces well defined . Thus weave B is often employed, while the " imitation
See also:gauze " weaves, C and D, are also largely utilized in the production of these embroidery cloths . Weave B is known as the hopsack, and probably owes its name to being originally used for the making of bags for hops . The cloth for this purpose is now called "
See also:hop pocketing," and is of a structure between bagging and tarpaulin . Another class of canvas, single warp termed" artists' canvas," is used, as its name implies, for paintings in oils . It is also much lighter than sail canvas, but must, of
See also:necessity, be made of level yarns . The best qualities are made of cream or bleached flax
See also:line, although it is not unusual to find an admixture of tow, and even of cotton in the commoner kinds . When the cloth comes from the loom, it undergoes a special treatment to prepare the
See also:surface for the paint .
CANVASS (an older spelling of " canvas ")
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