Online Encyclopedia

CAPPEL

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 288 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CAPPEL  , a

French
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family which produced some distinguished jurists and theologians in the 15th and 16th centuries . In 1491, Guillaume Cappel, as rector of the university of Paris, protested against a tithe which Innocent VIII. claimed from that
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body . His
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nephew, Jacques Cappel (d . 154,), the real founder of the family, was himself advocate-general at the parlement of Paris, and in a celebrated address delivered before the court in 1537, against the emperor Charles V., claimed for Francis I. the counties of
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Artois, Flanders and Charolais . He
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left nine children, of whom three became Protestants . The eldest, Jacques (1529-1586), sieur du Tilloy, wrote several
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treatises on jurisprudence . Louis (1534-1586), sieur de Moriambert, the fifth son, was a most ardent
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Protestant . In 1570 he presented a confession of faith to Charles IN. in the name of his co-religionists . He disputed at
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Sedan before the duc de
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Bouillon with the Jesuit,
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Jean Maldonat (1534-1583), and wrote in de-fence of Protestantism . The seventh son, Ange (1537-1623), seigneur du Luat, was secretary to Henry IV., and enjoyed the esteem of Sully . Among those who remained Catholic should be mentioned Guillaume, the translator of Machiavelli . The eldest son Jacques also left two sons, famous in the
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history of Protestantism:—Jacqucs (157o-1624), pastor of the church founded by himself on his
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fief of le Tilloy and afterwards at Sedan, where he became professor of
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Hebrew, distinguished as historian, philologist and exegetical scholar; and Louis (see below) .

On the protest of Guillaume Cappel, see Du Bellay, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis, vol. v . On the family, see the

sketch by another Jacques Cappel, " De Capellorum gente," in the Cornmentarii et notae criticae in Vetus Testamentum of Louis Cappel, his
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father (Amsterdam, 1689) . Consult
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Eugene and Emile Haag, La France protestante, vol. iii . (new edition, 1881) .

End of Article: CAPPEL
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LOUIS CAPPEL (1585-1658)

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