Online Encyclopedia

CAR (Late Lat. carra)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 297 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CAR (Late Lat. carra), a term originally applied to a small two-wheeled vehicle for transport (see CARRIAGE), but also to almost anything in the nature of a carriage, chariot, &c., and to the carrying-part of a balloon. With some specific qualification (tram-car, street-car, railway-car, sleeping-car, motor-car, &c.) it is combined to serve as a general word instead of carriage or vehicle. From Ireland comes the " jaunting-car," which is in general use, both in the towns, where it is the commonest public carriage for hire, and in the country districts, where it is employed to carry the mails and for the use of tourists. The gentry and more well-to-do farmers also use it as a private carriage in all parts of Ireland. The genuine Irish jaunting-car is a two-wheeled vehicle constructed to carry four persons besides the driver. In the centre, at right angles to the axle, is a " well " about 18 in. deep, used for carrying parcels or small luggage, and covered with a lid which is usually furnished with a cushion. The " well " provides a low back to each of the two seats, which are in the form of wings placed over each wheel, with foot boards hanging outside the wheel on hinges, so that when not in use they can be turned up over the seats, thus reducing the width of the car (sometimes very necessary in the narrow country roads) and protecting the seats from the weather. The passengers on each side sit with their backs to each other, with the " well " between them. The driver sits on a movable box-seat, or " dicky," a few inches high, placed across the head of the " well," with a footboard to which there is usually no splash-board attached. A more modern form of jaunting-car, known as a " long car," chiefly used for tourists, is a four-wheeled vehicle constructed on the same plan, which accommodates as many as eight or ten passengers on each side, and two in addition on a high box-seat beside the driver. In the city of Cork a carriage known as an " inside car " is in common use. It is a two-wheeled covered carriage in which the passengers sit face to face as in a wagonette. In remote country districts the poorer peasants still sometimes use a primitive form of vehicle, called a " low-backed car," a simple square shallow box or shelf of wood fastened to an axle without springs. The two wheels are solid wooden disks of the rudest construction, generally without the protection of metal tires, and so small in diameter that the body of the car is raised only a few inches from the ground.
End of Article: CAR (Late Lat. carra)
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