See also:English physiologist and naturalist, was
See also:born at Exeter on the 29th of
See also:October 1813 . He was the eldest son of Dr Lant
See also:Carpenter . He attended medical classes at University
See also:London, and then went to
See also:Edinburgh, where he took the degree of M.D. in 1839 . The subject of his
See also:graduation thesis, " The Physiological Inferences to be Deduced from the Structure of the
See also:System of Invertebrated Animals," indicates a
See also:line of
See also:research which had fruition in his Principles of General and
See also:Comparative Physiology . His
See also:work in comparative neurology was recognized in 1844 by his election to the Royal Society, which awarded him a Royal medal in 1861; and his
See also:appointment as Fullerian
See also:professor of physiology in the Royal Institution in 1845 enabled him to exhibit his
See also:powers as a teacher and lecturer, his
See also:gift of ready speech and luminous
See also:interpretation placing him in the front
See also:rank of exponents, at a
See also:time when the popularization of science was in its
See also:infancy . His manifold labours as investigator, author, editor, demonstrator and lecturer knew no cessation through
See also:life; but in assessing the value of his work, prominence should be given to his researches in marine zoology, notably in the
See also:lower organisms, as
See also:Foraminifera and Crinoids . These researches gave an impetus to deep-
See also:sea exploration, an outcome of which was in . 1868 the "
See also:Lightning," and later the more famous " Challenger," expedition . He took a keen and laborious
See also:interest in the evidence adduced by
See also:Canadian geologists as to the organic nature of the so-called Eozoon Canadense, discovered in the Laurentian strata, and at the time of his
See also:death had nearly finished a monograph on the subject, defending the now discredited theory of its animal origin . He was an
See also:adept in the use, of the microscope, and his popular
See also:treatise on The Microscope and its Revelations (1856) has stimulated a
See also:host of observers to the use of the " added sense " with which it has endowed man . In 1856 Carpenter became registrar of the university of London, and held the
See also:office for twenty-three years; on his resignation in 1879 he was made a C.B. in 'recognition of his services to
See also:education generally . Biologist as he was, Carpenter nevertheless made reservations as to the extension of the
See also:doctrine of
See also:evolution to man's intellectual and spiritual nature .
In his Principles of
See also:Mental Physiology he asserted both the freedom of the will and the existence of the " Ego," and one of his last public engagements was the
See also:reading of a paper in support of miracles . He died in London, from injuries occasioned by the accidental upsetting of a spirit-lamp, on the 19th of
See also:November 1885 .
MIRY CARPENTER (1807-1877)
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