CARPENTRAS , a
See also:town of south-eastern France; capital of an arrondissement in the department of
See also:Vaucluse 16 m . N.E. of
See also:Avignon by
See also:rail . Pop . (1906) town, 7775; commune, 10,721 . The town stands on the
See also:bank of the Auzon on an
See also:eminence, the
See also:summit of which is occupied by the
See also:church of St Siffrein, formerly a
See also:cathedral, and the adjoining
See also:court: 'St Siff
See also:rein, in its existing state,
See also:dates from the 15th and 16th centuries and is
See also:Gothic in
See also:style, but it preserves remains of a previous church of Romanesque architecture . The
See also:rich sculpture of the
See also:southern portal and the
See also:relics and
See also:works of
See also:art in the interior are of some
See also:interest . The law-court, built in 164o as the
See also:bishop's palace, contains in its courtyard a small but well-preserved triumphal arch of the Gallo-
See also:period . Other important buildings are the hospital, an imposing structure of the 18th century, opposite which is a statue of its founder, Malachie d'Inguimbert, bishop of Carpentras; and the former palace of the papal
See also:legate, which dates from 1640 . Of the old fortifications the only survival is the
See also:Porte d'Orange, a gateway surmounted by a
See also:fine machicolated tower . Their site is now occupied by wide boulevards shaded by
See also:plane-trees .
See also:Water is brought to the town by an aqueduct of
See also:arches, completed in 1734 . Carpentras is the seat of a sub-
See also:prefect and of a court of assizes, and has a tribunal of first instance, communal
See also:college for girls and boys, a large library and a museum .
See also:Felt hats, confectionery, preserved fruits and nails are its
See also:industrial products, and there are
See also:silk-works, tanneries and dye-works . There is
See also:trade in silk, wool, fruit, oil, &c . The irrigation-canal named after the town flows to the east of it (see VAUCLUSE) . Carpentras is identified with Carpentoracte, a town of Gallia Narbonensis mentioned by Pliny, which appears to have been of some importance during the Roman period . Its
See also:history is full of vicissitudes; it was captured and plundered by Vandal, Lombard and Saracen . In later times, as capital of the Comtat Venaissin, it was frequently the residence of the popes of Avignon, to whom that province belonged from 1228 till the Revolution . Carpentras was the seat of a bishopric from the 5th century till 1805 .
WILLIAM BENJAMIN CARPENTER (1813-1885)
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