Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 401 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CARRARA, a town of Tuscany, Italy, in the province of Massa e Carrara, 390 ft. above sea-level, 3 M. by rail N.N.E. of Avenza, which is 16m. E.S.E. of Spezia. Pop. (1881) 26, 325; (1905) town, 38,100; commune, 48,493. The cathedral (1272—1385) is a fine Gothic building dating from the period of Pisan supremacy; the other churches, and indeed all the principal buildings of the town, are constructed of the local marble, to which the place owes its importance. The Accademia di Belle Arti contains several Roman antiquities found in the quarries, and some modern works by local sculptors. A large theatre was inaugurated in 1892. Some of the quarries were worked in Roman times (see LUNA), but were abandoned after the downfall of the western empire, until the growth of Pisan architecture and sculpture in the 12th and 13th centuries created a demand for it. The quarries now End end over almost the whole of the Apuan Alps, and some boo of them are being worked, of white. 345, with 4400 workmen, are at Carrara itself, and 50 (700 men) at Massa. The amount exported in 1899 was 18o,000 tons. The quarries are served by a separate railway, with several branch lines.
End of Article: CARRARA

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