Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 438 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CARVING. To carve (A.S. ceorfan: connected with Gr. yp6. i tv) is to cut, whatever the material; but apart from the domestic sense of carving meat, the word is more particularly associated with the art of sculpture. The name of sculptor (see SCULPTURE) is commonly reserved for the great masters of the art, especially in stone and marble, while that of carver is given to the artists or workmen who execute the sub-ordinate decorations of architecture. The word is also specially applied to sculpture in ivory (q.v.) and its substitutes, and in wood (seeWOOD-CARVING) and other soft materials (see also GEM.)
End of Article: CARVING
JONATHAN CARVER (c. 1725-1780)

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