Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 446 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CASHEW NUT, the fruit of the cashew, cadju or acajou tree; Anacardium occidentale (nat. ord. Anacardiaceae), a native of the West Indian Islands. The fruit is kidney-shaped, about an inch in length, and the kernel is enclosed in two coverings, the outer of which is smooth, grey and leathery. Inside this external rind is a dark-coloured layer, containing an excessively acrid juice. The kernels have a bland, oily, pleasant taste. They are much eaten, both raw and roasted, in the tropical regions in which the tree is cultivated, and they yield a light-coloured, sweet-tasted oil, said to be equal to olive oil for culinary purposes. The fruit-stalk, immediately under the fruit, is swollen and fleshy, and assumes a pear-like shape. This swollen portion of the stalk has a pleasant acid taste, and is eaten under CASHIBO-CASIMIR of the Army Act, 1881, s. 16, for " behaving in a scandalous manner unbecoming an officer and a gentleman." " Cashiering " involves not merely the loss of the commission, but also a permanent disqualification from serving the state in any capacity.
End of Article: CASHEW NUT
CASHIBO, or CARAPACHE (" bat " )

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