CASTROGIOVANNI (Arab. Kasr-Yani, a corruption of Castrum Ennae) , a
See also:town and episcopal see of the province of
See also:Sicily, 95 M. by
See also:rail S.E. of Palermo, and 56 m . W. of
See also:Catania, situated 2605 ft. above
See also:sea-level, almost in the centre of the
See also:island, and commanding a magnificent view of the interior . Pop . (1901) 25,826 . Enna was one of the cities of the Sicels, and the statement of Stephanus Byzantinus that it was colonized by Syracuse in 664 B.C. is improbable . The question is discussed by E . Pais, Atakta (Pisa, 1891), 63 . It does not appear in
See also:history before the
See also:time of Dionysius I. of Syracuse, who, after unsuccessful attempts, finally acquired possession of it by treachery about 397 B.C . Its natural position rendered it a fortress of
See also:great importance, and it is frequently mentioned in subsequent history . In 134-132 it was the headquarters of the slave.revolt, and was only reduced by treachery .
See also:Cicero speaks of it as a place of some importance, but in imperial times it seems to have been of little account . In A.D .
See also:Saracens attempted to take it, but without success; and it was again only by treachery that they were able to take it in 859 . In 1087 it fell into the hands of the
See also:Normans; and the existing remains of fortifications are entirely
See also:medieval . There are indeed no remains of earlier days . The
See also:cathedral, founded in 1307, is of some
See also:interest . There are no remains of the famous
See also:temple of
See also:Demeter, from which
See also:Verres, as Cicero tells us, re-moved the
See also:bronze statue of the goddess . The lake of Pergus, where Persephone, according to one of the myths, was carried off by Hades, lies 4 M. to the south . The myth itself must have had some
See also:local origin, but has had so much Greek detail grafted upon it that the very names of the earlier Sicel deities have been displaced .
JOAO DE CASTRO (1500-1548)
CASTRUCCIO CASTRACANI DEGLI ANTELMINELLI (1281-1328...
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