See also:Roman poet and grammarian, was
See also:born about roo B.c . He is of importance as the
See also:leader of the " new " school of
See also:poetry (poetae novi, vewrspot, as
See also:Cicero calls them) . Its followers rejected the
See also:national epic and drama in favour of the artificial mythological epics and elegies of the Alexandrian school, and preferred
See also:Euphorion of
See also:Chalcis to
See also:Ennius . Learning, that is, a knowledge of Greek literature and myths, and strict adherence to metrical rules were regarded by them as indispensable to the poet . The veurrepot were also determined opponents of
See also:Pompey and Caesar . The
See also:great influence of
See also:Cato is attested by the lines: " Cato grammaticus,
See also:Siren, Qui solus legit ac facit poetas." 1 Our information regarding his
See also:life is derived from Suetonius (De Grammaticis, II) . He was a native of Cisalpine Gaul, and lost his
See also:property during the Sullan disturbances before he had attained his majority . He lived to a great age, and during the latter
See also:part of his life was in very reduced circumstances . He was at one
See also:time possessed of considerable
See also:wealth, and owned a
See also:villa at
See also:Tusculum which he was obliged to
See also:hand over to his creditors . In addition to grammatical
See also:treatises, Cato wrote a number of poems, the best-known of which were the
See also:Lydia and
See also:Diana . In the Indignatio (perhaps a
See also:short poem) he defended himself against the accusation that he was of servile
See also:birth . It is probable that he is the Cato mentioned as a critic of
See also:Lucilius in the lines by an unknown author prefixed to Horace, Satires, i. lo .
Among theminor poems attributed to Virgil is one called Dirae (or rather two, Dirae and Lydia) . The Dirae consists of imprecations against the
See also:estate of which the writer has been deprived, and where he is obliged to leave his beloved Lydia; in the Lydia, on the other hand, the estate is regarded with envy as the possessor of his charmer .
See also:Joseph Justus
See also:Scaliger was the first to attribute the poem (divided into two by F . Jacobs) to
See also:Valerius Cato, on the ground " Cato, the grammarian, the Latin siren, who alone reads aloud the
See also:works and makes the reputation of poets." that he had lost an estate and had written a Lydia . The question has been much discussed; the
See also:balance of opinion is in favour of the Dirae being assigned to the beginning of the Augustan age, although so distinguished a critic as O . Ribbeck supports the claims of Cato to the authorship . The best edition of these poems is by A . F . Make (1847), with exhaustive commentary and excursuses; a clear account of the question will be found in M . Schanz's Geschichte der romischen Litteratur; for the " new " school of poetry see
See also:Mommsen, Hist. of Rome, bk. v. ch. xii . ; F . Plessis, Poesie latine (1909), 188 .
MARCUS PORCIUS CATO (95-46 B.c.)
JACOB CATS (1577-1660)
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