French general and diplomatist, was
See also:born of a
See also:family . He early entered the army, did not emigrate in the revolution, but was deprived of his grade as captain in 1793 and served in the ranks . In 1795, through the
See also:protection of L .
See also:Hoche, he became captain again, was colonel in the Army of the Rhine in 1799-1800, and after the peace of
See also:Luneville (18o1) was sent to St
See also:Petersburg to negotiate an understanding between Russia and France . On his return he was named aide-de-
See also:camp of the First
See also:Consul . He was employed to seize some agents of the
See also:government in Baden in 1804, which led to the accusation that he was concerned in the arrest of the duc d'Enghien, an accusation against which he never ceased to protest . After the
See also:establishment of the
See also:empire he received various honours and the title of duke of
See also:Vicenza (18o8) .
See also:Napoleon sent him in 1807 as
See also:ambassador to St Petersburg, where Caulaincourt tried to maintain the
See also:alliance of
See also:Tilsit, and although Napoleon's ambition made the task a difficult one, Caulaincourt succeeded in it for some years . In 1811 he strongly advised Napoleon to renounce his proposed expedition to Russia . During the war he accompanied the emperor, and was one of those whom Napoleon took along with him when he suddenly abandoned his army in Poland to return to
See also:Paris (
See also:December 1812) . During the last years of the empire, Caulaincourt was charged with all the
See also:diplomatic negotiations . He signed the armistice of Pleswitz,
See also:June 1813, represented France at the congress of
See also:Prague, in
See also:August 1813, at the congress of ChatilIon, in
See also:February 1814, and concluded the treaty of
See also:Fontainebleau on the roth of
See also:April 1814 .
During the first Restoration, Caulaincourt lived in obscure retirement . When Napoleon returned from
See also:Elba, he became
See also:minister of
See also:foreign affairs, and tried to persuade
See also:Europe of the emperor's peaceful intentions . After the second Restoration, Caulaincourt's name was on the
See also:list of those proscribed, but it was erased on the
See also:personal intervention of
See also:Alexander I. with
See also:Louis XVIII . Caulaincourt's
See also:memoirs appeared under the title Souvenirs du due de Vicence in 1837-1840 . See A . Vandal, Napoleon et Alexandre (Paris, 1891–1895) ; Tatischeff, Alexandre It* et Napoleon (Paris, 1892); H .
See also:Houssaye, 1814 (Paris, 1888), and 1815 (Paris, 1893) .
CAUL (from O. Eng. calle, Fr. tale, a cap)
CAULICULUS (from Lat. caulis, a stalk)
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