CERRO DE PASCO, or PASCO , a
See also:town of
See also:Peru, capital of the department of
See also:Junin, 107 M . (22, M. by
See also:rail, via Oroya) N.E. of
See also:Lima . Pop . (1907 est.) 10,000 . It is situated on the
See also:plateau of Bombon, 14,280 ft. above
See also:sea-level, and in the midst of one of the
See also:oldest and richest
See also:silver-mining districts of Peru . There were 342 silver mines in this
See also:district in 189o, and at the end of the ,9th century the
See also:annual output since the
See also:discovery of the mines in 163o was estimated at 1,600,000 oz . A decline in the silver production having set in, the
See also:company which had become owners of three-fourths of the mining properties in the district turned its
See also:attention to the extensive copper deposits there, built a railway to Oroya 83 M. distant, another, 25 M. long, to the
See also:fields of Gollarisquisga,
See also:north of Pasco, and then erected large smelting
See also:works (in which 2500 men were regularly employed in 1907) 8 m. out of town and 4 M. from
See also:limestone beds . The railway to Oroya was completed in 1903, the coal mine branch and smelter later on, and in 1907 the copper output was 20,152,000 lb . The town of Pasco is badly built and unattractive, and is inhabited chiefly by mining labourers and their families . Its population is increased 50% in times of
See also:great mining activity . The name Cerro de Pasco is that of a " knot " of mountains uniting the two great ranges of the
See also:Andes at this point .
CEROGRAPHY (from the Gr. K1jpos, wax, and ypacew, t...
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