Online Encyclopedia


Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 763 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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GIUSEPPE ANTONIO GIACHIMO CERUTTI (1738-1792), French author and politician, *as born at Turin on the 13th of June 1738. He joined the Society of Jesus and became professor at the,Jesuit college at Lyons. In 1762, in reply to the attacks on his order, he published an A pologie generate de l'institut et de la doctrine des Jesuites, which won him much fame and some exalted patronage; notably that of the ex-king Stanislaus of Poland and of his grandson' the dauphin. During the agitations that preceded the Revolution Cerutti took the popular side, and in 1788 published a pamphlet, Memoire pour le peuple francais, in which in a clear and trenchant style he advocated the claims of the tiers Nat. In May 1789 he presided over the electors of Paris, by whom in January 1791 he was chosen member of the administration of the department and afterwards deputy to the Legislative Assembly. He was a friend of Mirabeau, whose policy he supported and whose funeral oration he pronounced. He himself died on the 3rd of February 1792. Of Cerutti's literary enterprises the most interesting, and probably the most influential, was the popular newspaper founded by him, on the 3oth of September 1790, in collaboration with Rabaut Saint-Etienne and Philippe Antoine Grouvelle. Its character and objects are explained by its title: La Feuille villageoise, adressee chaque semaine a tous les villages de France pour les instruire des lois, des evenements, des decouvertes qui interessent tout bon citoyen, &c. It was continued by Grouvelle after Cerutti's death, the last number appearing on the 2nd of August 1795. Cerutti's works were published in 1793 in 3 volumes. On the Mimoire pour le peuple franrais, see F. A. Aulard in La Revolution franfaise, torn. xv. (1888).

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