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Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 822 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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CHAMBERSBURG, a borough and the county-seat of Franklin county, Pennsylvania, U.S.A., at the confluence of Conococheague Creek and Falling Spring, 52 in. S.W. of Harrisburg. Pop. (1890) 7863; (1900) 8864, of whom 769 were negroes; (1910) 11,800. It is served by the Cumberland Valley and the Western Maryland railways, and is connected by electric lines with Greencastle, Waynesboro, Caledonia, a beautiful park in the Pennsylvania timber reservation, on South Mountain, 12 M. east of Chambersburg, and Pen Mar, a summer resort, on South Mountain, near the boundary line between Pennsylvania and Maryland. Chambersburg is built on an elevated site in the broad and fertile Cumberland Valley, and commands a fine view of the distant hills and dales. The borough is the seat of Chambersburg Academy, a preparatory school; Penn Hall, a school for girls; and Wilson College, a Presbyterian institution for women, opened in 187o. The Wilson College campus, the former estate of Col. A. K. McClure (1828-1909), a well-known journalist, was laid out by Donald G. Mitchell (" Ik Marvel "), who was an enthusiastic landscape gardener. The shops of the Cumberland Valley railway are at Chambersburg; and among the borough's manufactures are milling machinery, boilers, engines, hydraulic presses, steam-hammers, engineering and bridge supplies, hosiery, shoes, gloves, furniture, flour, paper, leather, carriages and agricultural implements; the total value of its factory product in 1905 was $1,o85,185. The waterworks and the electric-lighting plant are owned and operated by the municipality. A settlement was founded here in 1730 by Benjamin Chambers, in whose honour the borough was named, and who, immediately after General Edward Braddock's defeat in 1755, built a stone fort and surrounded it with a stockade for the protection of the community from the Indians. Chambersburg was laid out in 1764 and was incorporated as a borough in 1803. On the 3oth of July 1864 Chambersburg was occupied by a Confederate cavalry force under General McCausland (acting under General Jubal A. Early's orders), who, upon the refusal of the citizens to pay $1oo,000 for immunity, burned a large part of the borough.
End of Article: CHAMBERSBURG

Additional information and Comments

8 April 2006 Bezahn (Greetings), My name is Ken Lonewolf and I am the 6x great grandson of the founder of Chambersburg, Penna. I am of Shawnee-Seneca-Oneida Native American heritage from the Allegheny Valley area, near Pittsburgh. My white 6x great grandfather, Benjamin Chambers (founder), didn't particularly like Indians, since one of his family members was suppossedly killed by Indians, which may or may not have been the case, since the family member in question, simply disappeared in the woods. Old Ben built "Fort Chambers" to protect the good citizens of Falling Springs(Chambersburg) from my marauding "savage" ancestors (back then, we thought the whites to be "savage", as well)! One of his sons was Ezekial, who served in the American Revolution with the 8th Battalion of the Cumberland County Militia. He also served with the First Battalion. Ezekial Chambers, whose wife was Rebecca Stewart, is my 5x great grandfather. His daughter Margaret, married Robert Hazlett. Some of the Chambers family founded Chambersville, Penna. in Indiana County. Margaret Chambers (Hazlett), wife of Robert Hazlett, is my white 4x great grandmother from this area. Margaret was born about 1754 in America. This same year, my Shawnee ancestors helped to defeat British Lt. Col. George Washington at Fort Neccesity, wich ushered in the French and Indian War (1754-1763). Ezekial helped build either the first or second log cabin at Chambersville in 1789, along with a group of Seneca Indians. They certainly would not have been Shawnees. The Senecas were our enemies at the time, as were the Chambers family. The Chambers descendants and the Shawnee descendants only came together into "one family" in the early 1900's. The irony of history! Ken Lonewolf / Kispokotha Shawnee
Hi Ken, my name is Evelyn Morrison (Chambers). Reynolds Chambers,was my gggggrandfather. Alexander Chambers was my Grandfather and Henry M. Chambers my Father.,they were both from Kentucky. I was born in 1957,in Seymour,Indiana,but was raised in Selma,California. I live in Franklin,Indiana,now. My Dad,past away in 1998, and I don't have much family left on my Dad's side. I have Uncle Pete Chambers,he lives in Crothersville,Indiana and Uncle John, he lives in arizona and my Uncle Sherman lives in Doniphan,Mo. This is just alittle information,that I have. I would like to find out more about Benjamin Chambers and his family, as they are my family. Would also like you to e-mail me if it is okay, my e-mail address is Thank you, Evelyn
My gggfather was Pious Chambers... Understand that '3' brothers founded Chambersburg.PA... and ... that one headed south!... Trying to find where Pious Chambers came from ... He settled/died in Shorterville, Alabama as a large land owning farmer. THis would be in somewhere in the early 1600s... Can you assist in making a connection to Pious? Thanks, James Bennett Chambers
The first Chambers ancestor I have been able to document is John Jackson Chambers, born in 1781 in Elizabeth twp. in Allegheny Co.Pennsylvania. He had an older brother, William (born 1777) From a record I found they were the sons of a well to do farmer, William Chambers of Allegheny Co. (Portrait & Biographica History of JO Davies Co.,IL) It also stated that their grandfather served in the Revolutionary War. This has not been proven. John Jackson Chambers married Nancy Ann Kenney 12 February 1810 in Allegheny Co. By 1816 the family and brother William were in Richland Co. Ohio A child was born to John J. Chambers and wife Nancy in October of 1816. In 1836/7 the family was in Scotland Co., Missouri (the brother also) where the brothers settled on land purchased from the government. John and Nancy Chambers were parents of: Aaron Kinney Chambers b: 5 Dec. 1811 in Allegheny Co.PA;, William H. Chambers bL 11 March 1814, Allegheny Co.,PA., James Madison Chambers b:28 October 1816, Richland Co. OH., Lewis Kenner Chambers,b:6 March 1821, Richland Co. OH., John Jackson Chambers, b: 1 August 1823, Richland Co. OH., Mary J. b Feb. 1829 in Richland Co. OH My g-grandfather was Aaron Kinney Chambers who spent the rest of his life in Scotland Co., MO and married Mary Ann Elizabeth Allen 4 March 1841.
Not sure if or how i might fit into this whole line, but does anyone have any leads on a Pinckney Chambers who lived in Rockingham county North Carolina? He was my GGGgrandfather and i've hit a brick wall searching for anyone prior to him. He was born approx in 1807.
I have a document signed by Benjamin Franklin selling land called "Chambersburg" to William Chambers in 1788. Any info on this particular William Chambers would be appreciated.
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