CHAPEL , aplace of religious worship,' a name properly applied to that of a Christian religious
See also:body, but sometimes to any small
See also:temple of
See also:pagan worship (
See also:Lat. sacellum) . The word is derived through the O . Fr. chapele,
See also:modern chapelle, from the
See also:Late Lat. capelle or cappella, diminutive of cappa, a cape, particularly that of a
See also:monk . This word was transferred to any sanctuary containing
See also:relics, in the early
See also:history of the Frankish
See also:Church, because the cloak of St
See also:Martin, cap pa brevior Sancti Martini, one of the most sacred relics of the Frankish
See also:kings, was carried in a sanctuary or
See also:shrine wherever the
See also:king went; and oaths were taken on it (see Ducange, Glossarium, s.v .
See also:Capella) . Such a sanctuary was served by a
See also:priest, who was hence called capellanus, from which is derived the
See also:English "
See also:chaplain" (q.v.) . The strict application of the word to a sanctuary containing relics was extended to embrace any place of worship other than a church, and it was synonymous, therefore, with " oratory " (oratorium), especially one attached to a palace or to a private dwelling-
See also:house . The celebrated Sainte Chapelle in
See also:Paris, attached to what is now the Palais de
See also:Justice, well illustrates the early and proper meaning of the word . It was built (consecration, 1248) by St
See also:Louis of France to contain the relic of the
See also:Crown of Thorns, ransomed by the king from the Venetians, who held it in
See also:pawn from the Latin emperor of the East,
See also:John of Brienne, lately dead . The chapel served as the sanctuary of the relic lodged in the upper chapel, and the whole
See also:building was attached as the place of worship to the king's palace . This, the
See also:primary meaning, survives in the chapels usually placed in the aisles of cathedrals and large churches . They were originally built either to contain relics of a particular
See also:saint to whom they were dedicated, or the
See also:tomb of a particular
See also:family .
The only other English sense is that of a printer's workshop, or the body of compositors in it, who are presided over by a "
See also:father of the chapel." In the Church of England the word is applied to a private place of worship, attached either to the palaces of the
See also:sovereign, " chapels royal," or to the residence of a private
See also:person, to a
See also:college, school, prison, workhouse, &c . Further, the word has particular legal applications, though in each case the building might be and often is styled a church . These are places of worship supplementary to a
See also:parish church, and may be either " chapels of ease," to ease or relieve the
See also:mother-church and serve those parishioners who may live far away, " parochial chapels," the " churches " of
See also:ancient divisions of a very large and widely scattered parish, or "
See also:district chapels," those of a district of a parish divided under the various church building acts . A "
See also:free chapel " is one founded by the king and by his authority, and visited by him and not by the
See also:bishop . A "proprietary chapel" is one that belongs to a private person . They are anomalies to the English ecclesiastical
See also:law, have no parish rights, and can be converted to other than religious purposes, but a clergyman may be licensed to perform
See also:duty in such a place of worship . In the early and
See also:part of the 19th century such proprietary chapels were
See also:common, but they have practically ceased to exist . "Chapel" was early and still is in England the general name of places of worship other than those of the established Church, but the application of "church" to all places of worship without distinction of
See also:sect is becoming more and more common . The word "chapel" was in this restricted sense first applied to places of worship belonging to the
See also:Roman Church in England, and was thus restricted to those attached to
See also:foreign embassies, or to those of the consorts of
See also:Charles I. and II. and
See also:James II., who were members of that church . The word is still frequently the general
See also:term for Roman Catholic churches in
See also:Great Britain and always so in
See also:Ireland . The use of " chapel " as a common term for all
See also:Nonconformist places of worship was general through most of the 19th century, so that "church and chapel" was the usual phrase to mark the distinction between members of the established Church and those of Nonconformist bodies . Here the widened use of " church " noticed above has been especially marked .
Most of the
See also:recent buildings for worship erected by Nonconformist bodies will be found to be styled Wesleyan, Congregational, &c., churches . It would appear that while the word " chapel " was not infrequent in the early history of
See also:Nonconformity, "
See also:meeting-house " was the more usual term . From the' architectural point of view the addition of chapels to a
See also:cathedral or large church assumes some
See also:historical importance in consequence of the changes it involved in the plan . It was the introduction of the apsidal chapels in the churches of France which eventually led to the
See also:chevet or cluster of eastern'chapels in many of the great cathedrals, and also sometimes to the extension of the
See also:transept so as to include additional apsidal chapels on the east side . In France, and to a certain extent in Italy, the multiplication of chapels led to their being placed on th©
See also:north and south side of the aisles, and in some cases, as at
See also:Albi in France, to the suppression of the aisles and the
See also:instalment of the chapels in their place . The chapels of the colleges at
See also:Oxford and Cambridge are sometimes of large dimensions and architecturally of great importance, that of Christ Church being actually the cathedral of Oxford; among others maybe mentioned the chapel of Merton College, and the new chapel of Exeter College, both in Oxford, and the chapel of King's College, Cambridge, which is roofed over with perhaps the finest
See also:fan-vault in England . (See VAULT,
See also:Plate II., fig .
CHAPE (from the Fr. drape, a hood, cope or sheath)
In traditional square rigged sailing vessels sailing close to the wind, a gust, or carelessness, could result in the ship heading directly into the wind where it would loose headway (forward motion). To chapel, or to chappell, the ship involve using rudder work only to force a turn which would be used to return to the initial heading. Chapeling avoided the heavy rigging work which would otherwise have been required, as in blocking, to drive the ship back to the original heading. Varous sources describe variations of the chapel maneuver but none addresses the derivation of the term. The chapel may refer to the figurative canvas roof drawn over the deck by the turning ship or, alternatively, to the time lost from the ship's progress while "in the chapel". Are there any other suggestions as to the origin of this sailing term?
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