Online Encyclopedia

JOB CHARNOCK (d. 1693)

Online Encyclopedia
Originally appearing in Volume V05, Page 947 of the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica.
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JOB CHARNOCK (d. 1693), English founder of Calcutta, went out to India in 1655 or 1656, apparently not in the East India Company's service, but soon joined it. He was stationed at Cossimbazar, and subsequently at Patna. In 1685 he became chief agent at Hugli. Being besieged there by the Mogul viceroy of Bengal, he put the company's goods and servants on board his light vessels and dropped down the river 27 M. to the village of Sutanati, a place well chosen for the purpose of defence, which occupied the site of what is now Calcutta. It was only, however, at the third attempt that Charnock finally settled down at this spot, and the selection of the future capital of India was entirely due to his stubborn resolution. He was a silent morose man, not popular among his contemporaries, but "always a faithfull Man to the Company." He is said to have married a Hindu widow.
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Additional information and Comments

This is to inform all that the fact Job Charnock founded the city of Calcutta (Kolkata) in 1690 is baseless and distorted history. On 16th may, 2003 the Hon’ble Kolkata High Court has dismissed the name of Charnock as the city’s founder and 24Th august 1690 as its birthday. This landmark verdict came after we on behalf of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury Paribar Parishad and nine other intellectuals of the city filed a public interest litigation. The verdict was based upon the findings of an expert committee report headed by the famous historian late Sri Nemai Sadhan Basu.
who then founded calcutta....? as we well know that calcutta was formed by joining of three villages grouped close together along the banks of the hoogli...if it wasn't job charnock...pray tell...who was it hen that founded that city..it certainly wasn't the mughal rulers of the time. It would certainly be interesting to know how it all came about and stop distorting history.
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