See also:American jurist, was
See also:born in
See also:Maryland, on the 17th of
See also:April 1741 . He was admitted to the
See also:bar at
See also:Annapolis in 1761, and for more than twenty years was a member of the Maryland legislature . He took an active
See also:part in the resistance to the
See also:Act, and from 1774 to 1778 and 1784 to 1785 was a member of the
See also:Continental Congress . With Benjamin
See also:Franklin and
See also:Charles Carroll he was sent by . Congress in 1776 to win over the Canadians to the side of the revolting colonies, and after his return did much to persuade Maryland to
See also:advocate a formal separation of the thirteen colonies from
See also:Great Britain, he himself being one of those who signed the Declaration of Independence on the 2nd of
See also:August 1776 . In this
See also:year he was also a member of the
See also:convention which framed the first constitution for the state of Maryland . After serving in the Maryland convention which ratified for that state the Federal Constitution, and therevigorously opposing ratification, though afterwards he was an ardent Federalist, he became in 1791 chief
See also:judge of the Maryland general
See also:court, which position he resigned in 1796 for that of an associate
See also:justice of the Supreme Court of the
See also:United States . His
See also:radical Federalism; however, led him to continue active in politics, and he took
See also:advantage of every opportunity, on the
See also:bench and off, to promote the cause of his party . His over-bearing conduct while presiding at the trials of
See also:John Fries for treason, and of
See also:Thompson Callender (d . 1813) for seditious '
See also:libel in 1800, drove the lawyers for the defence from the court, and evoked the wrath of the Republicans, who were stirred to
See also:action by a
See also:political harangue on the evil tendencies of democracy which he delivered as a
See also:charge to a
See also:jury at Baltimore in 1803 . The
See also:House of Representatives adopted a
See also:resolution of
See also:impeachment in
See also:March 1804, and on the 7th of
See also:December 1804 the House managers, chief among whom were John
See also:Joseph H .
See also:Nicholson (1770-1817), and Caesar A .
Rodney (1772–1824), laid their articles of impeachment before the
See also:Senate . The trial, with frequent interruptions and delays, lasted from the 2nd of
See also:January to the 1st of March 1805 . Judge
See also:Chase was defended by the ablest lawyers in the
See also:country, including
See also:Martin, Robert Goodloe Harper (1765–1825),
See also:Key (1757–1815), Charles
See also:Lee (1758–1815), and Joseph Hopkinson (1770-1842) . The
See also:indictment, in eight articles, dealt with his conduct in the Fries and Callender trials, with his treatment of a
See also:Delaware grand jury, and (in article viii.) with his making " highly indecent, extra-judicial " reflections upon the
See also:national administration, probably the greatest offence in Republican eyes . On only three articles was there a majority against Judge Chase, the largest, on article viii., being four
See also:short of the necessary two-thirds to convict . " The case," says
See also:Adams, "proved impeachment to be an impracticable thing for
See also:partisan purposes, and it decided the permanence of those lines of constitutional development which were a reflection of the
See also:law." Judge Chase resumed his seat on the bench, and occupied it until his
See also:death on the 19th of
See also:June 1811 . See The Trial of
See also:Samuel Chase (2 vols.,
See also:Washington, 1805), reported by Samuel H .
See also:Smith and
See also:Thomas Lloyd; an article in The American Law Review, vol. xxxiii . (St
See also:Louis, Mo., 1899) ; and Henry Adams's
See also:History of the United States, vol. ii . (New
See also:York, 1889) .
SALMON PORTLAND CHASE (1808-1873)
WILLIAM MERRITT CHASE (1849– )
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