See also:castle (q.v.) . The development of the
See also:medieval castle, in the 15th and 16th centuries, into houses arranged rather for residence than defence led to a corresponding widening of the meaning of the
See also:term chateau, which came to be applied to any seigniorial residence and so generally to all houses, especially
See also:country houses, of any pre-tensions (cf. the Ger . Schloss) . The French distinguish the fortified castle from the residential
See also:mansion by describing the former as the chateau fort, the latter as the chateau de plaisance . The development of the one into the other is admirably illustrated by surviving buildings in France, especially in the chateaux scattered along the
See also:Loire . Of these
See also:Langeais, still in perfect preservation, is a
See also:fine type of the chateau fort, with its loth-century keep and 13th-century walls . Amboise (1490),
See also:Blois (1500–1540) , Chambord (begun 1526),
See also:Chenonceaux (1515–156o), Azay-le-Rideau (1521), may be taken as typical examples of the chateau de plaisance of the transition
See also:period, all retaining in greater or less degree some of the architectural characteristics of the medieval castle . Some description of these is given under their several headings . In
See also:English the word chateau is often used to translate
See also:foreign words (e.g . Schloss) meaning country
See also:house or mansion . For the Loire chateaux see
See also:Cook, Old
See also:Touraine (1892) .
VICOMTE DE FRANCOIS RENE CHATEAUBRIAND (1768–1848...
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