See also:building designed for the defence of an outwork or
See also:gate, sometimes of
See also:great strength or
See also:size, but distinguished from the chateau, or
See also:castle proper, in being purely defensive and not residential . In
See also:Paris, before the Revolution, this word was applied both to a particular building and to the jurisdiction of which it was the seat . This. building, the
See also:Chatelet, had been first a castle defending the approach to the Cite . Tradition traced its existence back to
See also:Roman times, and in the 18th century one of the rooms in the great tower was still called the chambre de Cesar . The jurisdiction was that of the provostship (prevote) and viscountship of Paris, which. was certainly of feudal origin, probably going back to the
See also:counts of Paris . It was not till the
See also:time of
See also:Louis that, with the
See also:appointment of Etienne Boileau, the provostship of Paris became a prevote en garde, i.e. a public
See also:office no longer put up to sale . When the baillis (see
See also:BAILIFF AND BAILIE) were created, the
See also:provost of Paris naturally discharged the duties and functions of a bailli, in which capacity he heard appeals from the seigniorial and inferior
See also:judges of the city and its neighbourhood, keeping, however, his title of provost . When under
See also:Henry II. certain bailliages became presidial jurisdictions(presidiaux), i.e. received to a certain extent the right of judging without
See also:appeal, the Chatelet, the
See also:court of the provost of Paris, was made a presidial court, but without losing its former name . Finally, various tribunals
See also:peculiar to the city of Paris, i.e. courts exercising jurisdictions outside the
See also:law or corresponding to certain cours d'exception which existed in the provinces, were
See also:united with the Chatelet, of which they became divisions (chambres) . Thus the
See also:lieutenant-general of
See also:police made it the seat of his jurisdiction, and the provost of the Ile de France, who had the same criminal jurisdiction as the provosts of the marshals of France in other provinces, sat there also . As to the personnel of the Chatelet, it was originally the same as in the bailliages, except that after the 14th century it had some
See also:special officials, the auditors and the examiners of inquests . Like the baillis, the provost had lieutenants who were deputies for him, and in addition gradually acquired a considerable
See also:body of ex officio councillors .
See also:staff, however, was not yet in existence at the end of the 14th century, for it is not mentioned in the Registre criminel du Chatelet (1389-1392), published by the Societe
See also:des Bibliophiles
See also:Francais . In 1674 the whole personnel was doubled, at the time when the new Chatelet was established side by side with the old, the two being soon after amalgamated . On the
See also:eve of the Revolution it comprised, beside the provost whose office had become practically honorary, the lieutenant
See also:civil, who presided over the chambre de prevote au
See also:pare civil or court of first instance; the lieutenant criminel, who presided over the criminal VI . Icourt; two lieutenants particuliers, who presided in turn over the chambre du presidial or court of appeal from the inferior jurisdictions; a
See also:juge auditeur; sixty-four councillors (conseillers); the procureur du roi, four avocats du roi, and eight substituts, i.e. deputies of the procureur (see PROCURATOR), beside a
See also:host of minor officials . The
See also:history of the Chatelet under the Revolution may be briefly told: the Constituent
See also:Assembly em-powered it to try cases of lese-nation, and it was also before this court that was opened the inquiry following on the events of the 5th and 6th of
See also:August 1789 . It was suppressed by the law of the 16th of August 1790, together with the other tribunals of the ancien regime . (J . P .
CHATELAINE (Fr. chdtelaine, the feminine form of ch...
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